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Chapter 5: Democracy and Democratization
Terms in this set (22)
a form of regime associated with 'rule by the people' that signifies rights and liberties for citizens, including political rights to participate in elections and civil liberties such as freedom of speech
rights of individuals to participate in political life, including the right to political speech, the right to vote, and the right to join political associations
rights of individuals to participate in civic life, including freedoms of assembly, speech, access to info, and equal access to institutions, among others
a form or type of governmental system, with an emphasis on institutions and rules
a regime with predominantly democratic institutions, including basic civil rights and regular, free elections
procedural definition of democracy
a conception of democracy, contrasted with a substantive definition, that emphasizes the minimal standards, procedures, or rules that a country should have in place to govern political life.
substantive definition of democracy
a conception of democracy, contrasted with a procedural definition, that views a polity's democratic status as dependent on the satisfaction of certain substantive ends, such as the extension of broad rights or the reduction of income inequality
any major change of regime type, including democratization, democratic breakdown, or certain types of authoritarian persistence in which one type of authoritarian regime gives way to another
the form of a political regime, such as democratic versus authoritarian, as well as subtypes, such as personalistic dictatorships or totalitarian regimes
the process of a regime becoming more democratic, including both democratic transition and democratic consolidation
the process through which a democratic regime partially or completely loses its democratic status
the movement from an authoritarian regime to a democratic one
the process through which a new democratic order becomes institutionalized and therefore more likely to endure
a polity without a monarch in which the basic rules of politics are laid out in a constitution
a political system in which a monarch such as a king, queen, or emperor plays a role as a head of state, but has powers limited by a constitution.
a conception of democracy in which politicians and institutions are understood to represent the electorate, who nevertheless can constrain their behavior through periodic elections and other forms of participation
a democracy in which at least two parties compete for power
a popular vote on a specific issue
a conception of democracy that places great emphasis on direct citizen involvement in politics, especially involving lebiscites and/or citizen assemblies
the process through which a non democratic regime becomes democratic
the process through which, after a transition from authoritarianism, a polity strengthens its democracy.
a theory that traces democracy to broad social changes, especially economic development and the changes that accompany it
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