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slave families and abuse
Terms in this set (33)
definition of xenophobia
the fear of the unknown or different from oneself.
how does xenophobia relate to treatment of slaves?
original slave traders, dating back thousands of years, used this idea to justify the taking of slaves from other cultures.
people are treated as personal property and are bought & sold as commodities (people treated/bought & sold like cattle)
justifying african slavery biblically
MARK OF CAIN: God punished Cain for murdering his brother, Abel
-The mark was black and so slaveholders said black people were descendants of Cain and whites were descendants of Abel.
**CURSE OF CHAM
-Noah, Cham's father, cursed Cham for drunkenness and was said to be forever subservient to others. Cham's skin turned black and his children were all black.
Black vs White
Black = evil/devil
White = good/God
*This has been the case since the Dark Ages and even as early as the ancient Greeks.
survival of the fittest race was the thought in the 19th century. Blacks were viewed as socially and genetically weaker to the whites.
Beast of Burden
slave owners likened their slaves to cows, horses, etc. this way they were not people and could justify whipping their slaves.
the process by which members of a group of people assert the "inferiority" of another group through subtle or overt acts/statements.
why did owners abuse?
owners believed that the use of force was appropriate to motivate the enslaved to work, to establish discipline, and to maintain order.
to make a slave stand in fear...
1. establish and maintain strict discipline
2. make slave feel like crap
3. make slave feel like master is God
4. persuade slave to find interest in master success
5. make them feel very dependent on living on the master.
what is physical abuse
most common - caused by physical harm to slaves
what is mental abuse
made slaves believe they were supposed to be in their conditions. slaves believed they were subhuman.
what is sexual abuse
sexually abusing slave men, women, and children.
facts about mental abuse
-slave families who were sold off as a form of punishment provided no physical harm, but caused severe mental anguish.
-after enough time and punishment, slaves could believe they were property and unequal to the rest.
-families sold separately as form of punishment
-occurred when slaves continuously frusterated the master
facts about physical abuse
-started as early as infants
-1/2 of all children died within their first year of life due to malnourishment
-slave mothers suffered from stillbirths, spontaneous abortions, and death after birth.
-with abuse, average life expectancy of a slave was 21 (whites would live to around 40)
whipped to correct bad behavior or to be made bad examples of
-form of punishment
-slave masters did this by burning their initials into the slaves body
facts about sexual abuse
-slave women were used for breeding
-plantation owners would rape female slaves in order to produce
-slaves were raped to increase population/ the amount of slave product on the market.
women and children
-women continuously resisted work in US and Caribbean slave societies.
-^ led to frequent punishment by whipping backs, confinement in hand and foot, stockades, solitary confinement, and attachment to collars
-subjected to sexual abuse
legal status of slaves
-slaves were considered legal nonpersons unless they committed a crime
-slaves were things, not persons.
how many slaves were there by the civil war?
nearly four million
how many pounds of cotton did a slave pick per day on average?
field worker or house servant?
field worker was harder than a house servant
what was an overseer?
people who made sure the work was done
why didn't slaves learn?
-no possible way to learn
-masters trapped them on the plantation
-did not want them to learn of freedom or see the outside world
who was part of a slave family?
a slave family was made up of everyone on the plantation
the concept of extended family and nuclear family was non-existent
main crops grown on plantations:
tobacco, rice, sugar cane, and cotton
-cared for the house
-cared for gardens
-personal servatns to master and mistress
cultivation of crops
what did families do together?
families prayed, cried, laughed, loved, drank, gamble, fight, play, and planned on how to escape
how did the plantation impact slaves
left them socially and culturally isolated
what happened as slaves learned more about freedom?
-cultivate complex relationships with masters, merchants, etc
-paid a high price for the goods and services they obtained from the white community.
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