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6th Grade Math - SBAC vocab review
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Gravity
Terms in this set (29)
Surface Area
The total area of the surface of a three-dimensional object. (wrapping paper)
Volume
The amount of 3-dimensional space an object occupies or can hold.
denominator
The bottom number in a fraction.
Shows how many equal parts the item is divided into.
numerator
The top number in a fraction.
Shows how many parts we have.
multiple
The result of multiplying a number by an integer (skip counting).
factor
numbers we can multiply together to get another number
reciprocal
1 divided by that number or that number flipped (denominator and numerator switch)
sum
The result of adding two or more numbers.
difference
The result of subtracting one number from another. How much one number differs from another.
quotient
The answer after you divide one number by another
divisor
The number you divide by
dividend
The amount that you want to divide up.
dimension
A measurement of length in one direction.
Examples: width, length and height
area
The size of a surface.
The amount of space inside the boundary of a flat (2-dimensional) object such as a triangle or circle.
perimeter
The distance around a two-dimensional shape.
cubic unit
the label of the volume of a 3D shape
square unit
the label of the area of a 2D shape or the surface area of a 3D shape
expression
Numbers, symbols and operators (such as + and ×) grouped together that show the value of something.
equation
Numbers, symbols and operators (such as + and ×) grouped together that show the value of something.
It will have an equals sign "=" like this:
7 + 2 = 10 − 1
inequality
There are other special symbols that show in what way things are not equal.
a < b says that a is less than b
a > b says that a is greater than b
a ≤ b means that a is less than or equal to b
a ≥ b means that a is greater than or equal to b.
prime
can be divided evenly only by 1, or itself.
And it must be a whole number greater than 1.
composite
A whole number that can be divided evenly by numbers other than 1 or itself.
product
The answer when two or more numbers are multiplied together.
x-axis
The line on a graph that runs horizontally (left-right) through zero.
y-axis
The line on a graph that runs vertically (up-down) through zero.
coordinates
A set of values that show an exact position on a graph.
Example: the point (12,5) is 12 units along, and 5 units up.
absolute value
How far a number is from zero.
Example "6" is 6 away from zero, but "−6" is also 6 away from zero.
Area of a Triangle
1/2 base x height
or
base x height divided by 2
Area of a parallelogram
base x height
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