28 terms

Earth's Changing Climate Vocabulary

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absorb
to take in
atmosphere
the mixture of gases surrounding a planet
carbon dioxide
a molecule made of carbon and oxygen atoms
change
when something becomes different over time
claim
a proposed answer to a question about the natural world
climate
general weather patterns over a long period of time
climate change
changes in climate over a long period of time that can be caused by natural events or human activities
combustion
the process of burning fuels, which produces carbon dioxide
data
information collected in an investigation
deforestation
the process of clearing trees from land
energy
the ability to make things move or change
eruption
the sudden pushing out of something, such as lava from a volcano
evidence
information about the natural world that is used to support or go against (refute) a claim
fluctuation
variations in a set of data
human activities
things people do that affect the Earth system
lux
a measure of how much light is present
methane
a molecule made of carbon and hydrogen atoms
model
an object, diagram, or computer program that helps us understand something by making it simpler or easier to see
reasoning
the process of making clear how your evidence supports your claim
redirect
to send to a new or different place
reflect
to bounce off without absorbing
scientific argument
a claim supported by evidence
stability
when something stays mostly the same over time
sulfur dioxide
a molecule made of sulfur and oxygen atoms
temperature
the measure of how hot or cold something is
the Earth system
the living and nonliving components of Earth, including the water, land, and atmosphere
trend
overall tendency (for example, a consistent increase) in a set of data over time
volcano
a mountain that has an opening in the land where gas, lava, and/or ash is pushed out
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