55 terms

Crime and punishment - Speakout Advanced (Unit 4.1)

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Terms in this set (...)

charge somebody with something
to state officially that someone may be guilty of a crime
evidence
facts, statements, or objects that help to prove whether or not someone has committed a crime
plead guilty
(of a person charged with an offence) to admit responsibility; confess
plead not guilty
to claim in a court of law that you haven't committed the crime you are charged with
protest your innocence
to state very firmly that you are innocent
prove your innocence
to show by providing facts, information etc that you are innocent
commit a crime
to do something illegal, which can be punished by law
carry out a crime
to do something illegal that needs to be organized and planned
report a crime
to tell the police or someone in authority that a crime has happened
suspended sentence
time that someone will have to spend in prison only if they commit another crime within a fixed period
appeal against a sentence
to make a formal request to a court asking for a decision to be changed
a drug-related offence
an illegal action or a crime connected with drugs
a driving offence
an illegal action or a crime committed while you are driving a vehicle
a police raid
a surprise visit made to a place by the police to search for something illegal
a drugs raid
a surprise visit made to a place by the police to search for drugs
a dawn raid
a surprise visit made to a place by the police at the time at the beginning of the day when light first appears
a wrongful conviction
A conviction of a person accused of a crime which, in the result of subsequent investigation, proves unfair or illegal because the person affected by it has done nothing wrong
a previous conviction
the name given to conviction that has been done before the present one
deterrent
something that makes people decide not to do something by making them realize that something unpleasant could happen to them
in handcuffs
wearing a pair of metal rings joined by a chain used for holding a prisoner's wrists together
informant
someone who secretly gives the police, the army etc information about someone else
to convict
to prove or officially announce that someone is guilty of a crime after a trial in a law court
a convict
someone who has been proved to be guilty of a crime and sent to prison
have custody of (the children)
have the right to take care of a child, given to one of their parents when they have divorced
be (held) in custody
when someone is kept in prison until they go to court, because the police think they have committed a crime
district attorney
a lawyer in the US who works for the government in a particular area and who is responsible for bringing people who may be criminals to court
confess to (doing something)
to admit, especially to the police, that you have done something wrong or illegal
civil liberties
the right of all citizens to be free to do whatever they want while respecting the rights of other people
plea agreement
an agreement between the prosecution and defence, sometimes including the judge, in which the accused agrees to plead guilty to a lesser charge in return for more serious charges being dropped
be released from prison
to be allowed to go free, after having been kept in prison
put somebody on probation
to include somebody in a system that allows some criminals not to go to prison or to leave prison, if they behave well and see a probation officer regularly, for a particular period of time
go on the rampage
to rush about in a wild and violent way, often causing damage
come into force
come into effect
be given points on your licence for (something)
to receive a penalty which involves putting numbers on your driving licence - when you reach a certain number, your licence is taken away from you for a period of time
help the police with their inquiries
to assist in a police investigation
hold an investigation into (the causes of the accident)
to make an official attempt to find out the truth about or the causes of something such as a crime, accident, or scientific problem
a hardened criminal
a criminal who has had a lot of experience of things that are shocking and is therefore less affected by them
pose a threat to (somebody)
to be regarded as a possible danger to somebody
fire tear-gas at the protesters
to release CS gas in a crowd (often during riots)
disperse the crowd
to make the crowd of people go away in different directions
be brought to justice
to be caught and punished
criminal justice
the system of law enforcement, involving police, lawyers, courts, and corrections, used for all stages of criminal proceedings and punishment
escape justice
to avoid being punished
uphold justice
to defend or support justice so that it continues to exist
take the law into your own hands
to do something illegal in order to put right something that you think is not fair, for example by violently punishing someone instead of telling the
demand justice
to ask very firmly for fairness in the way people are treated
rough justice
treatment that is not scrupulously fair or in accordance with the law
miscarriage of justice
a situation in which someone is punished by the law courts for a crime that they have not committed
armed robbery
the crime of stealing money or things from a bank, shop etc, especially using guns
the scene of the crime
the place where an accident, crime etc happened
a failed escape
an attempt to escape that proved unsuccessful
be on the run
to be trying to escape or hide, especially from the police
clear your name
prove that you did not do something bad or illegal
perpetrator
someone who does something morally wrong or illegal
culprit
the person who is guilty of a crime or doing something wrong