Unit 2 EAC
Terms in this set (79)
Major economic argument for expansion
the U.S. needed new markets for its goods
Result of Spanish American War
the U.S. signed a peace treaty with Spain gaining Puerto Rico, Guam, and the Philippines
Why was the Open Door Policy important to the US
it gave the United States access to millions of consumers in China
Why did Roosevelt's opponents disapprove of his actions in Panama
they opposed U.S. involvement in the Panamanian revolt
justified American intervention in the affairs of foregin countries in order to prevent intervention by other powers
Alfred T. Mahan
argued that to protect its trade, the U.S. must build up its navy
William Randolph Hearst and Joseph Pulitzer
used their newspapers to increase public support for Cuban rebels
Main goal of the Spanish American War
free Cuba from Spanish rule
Building of the Panama Canal was important because
shortened the distance between Atlantic and Pacific ports
a policy of extending a country's power and influence through diplomacy or military force.
The U.S. annexed the Midway Islands because
a naval refueling and repair station
the United Fruit company's domination of Coasta Rica, Guatemala, and Honduras
Americans sided with the Cuban rebels against Spain as a result of
the first action of the Spanish American War took place in
Annexation of Hawaii
the U.S. did not want Hawaii to fall into the hands of another nation
Both Taft and Roosevelt wanted to maintain an open door policy with Asia
wanted to increase american investments in foreign countries "dollar diplomacy"
Cruise of the Great White Fleet
showed that the U.S. was a naval power
append or add as an extra or subordinate part, especially to a document.
form of alternative dispute resolution
extreme patriotism, especially in the form of aggressive or warlike foreign policy.
Sphere of Influence
in international affairs, the territory where a powerful state exercises the dominant control over weaker states or territories
Open Door Policy
policy giving the United States equal access to trading rights in China
French company bought a 25 year concession from Colombia to build a canal across Panama, and the company later offered its remaining rights to the U.S.
Assassination of Archduke
ended the leadership of the Provisional government and put the Bolsheviks in power
a heavy guard of destroyers escorted merchant ships back and forth across the Atlantic in groups.
African Americans during World War I
segregated and rarely allowed to fight in WWI
Treaty of Versailles
ended war; Germany pays and takes guilt
using military force to control government and foreign policy
advocacy of political independence for a particular country.
Germany's promise that its U-boats would warn ships before attacking
Selective Service Act
drafting young men for the military forces
League of Nations
worldwide organization aimed at ensuring security and peace
the Central powers (Germany, Austria- Hungary, Italy(1914), and Turkey). The Allied powers (Russia, France, Great Britain, and United states)
Germany's use of these changed the rules of naval warfare
War Industries Board
to coordinate the purchase of war supplies between the War Department and the Navy Department
made it illegal to discuss anything negative about the government, the Constitution, the army, or the navy
Paris Peace Conference
the meeting of the Allied Powers to set the peace terms for the defeated Central Powers.
Economic problem facing returning war veterans
a job shortage
Which event led to the Spanish-American War?
Cubans rebelled against Spanish rule.
Which was a result of the Spanish-American War?
Puerto Rico and Guam were made unincorporated U.S. territories.
Why was the Open Door Policy important to the United States?
it gave the United States access to millions of consumers in China.
What connection was made between imperialism and the American frontier?
imperialism would offer Americans a new frontier.
In the 1890s, William R. Hearst and Joseph Pulitzer used their newspapers to
increase public sympathy for Cuban rebels.
As a result of the Spanish-American War,
Puerto Rico became an unincorporated territory of the United States.
The building of the Panama Canal was important because it
facilitated movement between Atlantic and Pacific ports.
President Theodore Roosevelt is often remembered for
expanding presidential power.
To support their view, anti-imperialists argued that
imperialism rejected the American ideal of "liberty for all."
The United States acquired control of the Canal Zone by
organizing a revolt in Panama.
Expansionists, such as Frederick Jackson Turner, argued that a quest for empire would
restore the country's pioneer spirit.
The first action of the Spanish-American War took place in
As a result of the peace treaty with Spain, the United States gained
the Philippines, Guam, and Puerto Rico.
The United States annexed Hawaii because
the United States needed naval stations in the Pacific.
The United States wanted to build a canal across Panama to
cut travel time between the Atlantic and Pacific oceans.
The United States acquired control of the Isthmus of Panama from Colombia by
encouraging a revolt in Panama.
President Roosevelt threatened to use the United States Navy to
maintain stability in neighboring countries.
Taft's approach to foreign affairs was undermined by
local revolutionary movements in Latin America.
Anti-imperialists argued that imperialism rejected the principle of
liberty for all.
Which event sparked World War I?
the assassination of the heir to the Austro-Hungarian throne
Which of the following best describes the first few years of World War I?
both sides were locked in a stalemate.
What was the purpose of the convoy system?
to transport troops safely across the Atlantic
Which best describes the Great Migration?
the movement of African Americans to northern cities
Why did the "irreconcilable" senators oppose the Versailles Treaty?
they did not want the United States to join the League of Nations.
The incident that triggered World War I was the
assassination of the heir to the Austro-Hungarian throne.
Under the terms of the Sussex pledge, the German government promised that
German U-boats would warn ships before attacking.
After Vladimir Lenin seized control of Russia in 1917,
Russia withdrew from the war.
Most Americans opposed the Central Powers because of Germany's
Americans thought German submarine warfare was
The United States broke off diplomatic relations with Germany when
Germany violated the Sussex pledge.
After the Russian Revolution, Americans were
more willing to join the Allies.
Wilson urged Congress to declare war on Germany when the Germans
sank three United States ships.
The convoy system, instituted in May 1917,
cut merchant marine losses greatly.
At Château-Thierry, American marines
helped save Paris by stopping the German advance.
The United States was able to loan more than $10 billion to the Allies, thanks to
Herbert Hoover, head of the Food Administration, worked to
increase farm output and reduce waste.
At the Paris Peace Conference, President Wilson's program for peace
underwent several changes.
Wilson's goal for the League of Nations was
international security and stability.
After Wilson presented the treaty to the United States Senate,
the Senate rejected it.
By war's end, many Americans directly involved in the war had become
disillusioned by the realities of warfare.