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23 terms

AP Biology- Hormones

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hypothalamic-releasing hormone
hormone produced in the hypothalamus that targets the anterior pituitary to release anterior pituitary hormones
hypothalamic-inhibiting hormone
hormone produced in the hypothalamus that targets the anterior pituitary to inhibit anterior pituitary hormones
antidiuretic hormone (ADH)
produced in the posterior pituitary that targets the kidneys to stimulate water absorbtion of the kidneys
oxytocin
hormone produced in the posterior pituitary that targets the uterus and mammary glands to stimulate uterine muscle contraction or release milk from mammary glands
thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH)
hormone produced in the anterior pituitary that targets and stimulates the thyroid
adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH)
hormone produced in the anterior pituitary that targets and stimulates the adrenal cortex
gonadotropic hormone (FSH or LH)
hormone produced in the anterior pituitary that targets the gonads to simulate egg/sperm production and sex hormone production
prolactin (PRL)
hormone produced in the anterior pituitary that targets mammary glands for milk production
growth hormone (GH)
hormone produced inteh anterior pituitary that targets soft tissues and bones to promote cell division, protein synthesis, and bone growth
menalocyte-stimulating hormone (MSH)
hormone produced in the anterior pituitary that targets melanocytes in skin
thyroxine (T4) and triiodothyronine (T3)
hormone produced in the thyroid that targets all tissues to increase metabolic rate and regulate growth and development
calcitonin
hormone produced in the thyroid that targets the bones, kidneys, and intestine to lower blood calcium level
parathyroid hormone (PTH)
hormone produced in the parathyroid that targets bones, kidneys, and the intestine to raise blood calcium level
glucocorticoids (cortisol)
hromone produced by the adrenal cortex that targets all tissues to raise blood glucose level and stimulate the breakdown of protien
mineralcorticoids (aldosterone)
hormone produced in adrenal cortex that stimulates the kidneys to stimulate reabsorbtion of sodium and excretion of potassium
sex hormones
hormone produced in the adrenal cortex that targets the gonads, skin, muscles, and bones to stimulate reproductive organs and bring about sex characteristics
epinepherine and norepinepherine
hormone produced in the adrenal medulla that targets the cardiac and other muscles in emergency situations to raise blood glucose level
insulin
hormone produced in the pancreas that targest the liver, muscles, and adipose tissue to lower blood glucose level and promote the formation of glycogen
glucagon
hormone produced by the pancreas that targets the liver, muscles, and adipose tissue to raise the blood glucose level
androgens (testosterone)
hormone produced in the testes that targets gonads, skin, muscles, and bone to stimulate male characteristics
estrogen and progesterone
hormone produced in the ovaries that targets gonads, skin, muscles, and bones to stimulate female characteristics
thymosins
hormone produced in thymus that targets T lymphocytes to stimulate production and maturation to T lymphocytes
melatonin
hormone produced in the pineal gland that targets the brain to control circadian rhythms and circannual rhythms, and may be involved in maturation of sex organs