Mapping Earth's Surface

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The shape of the land determined by elevation, relief, and landforms.


Height above sea level.


The difference in elevation between the highest and lowest parts of an area


A feature of topography formed by the process by shaping earth's surface.

Landform region

A large area of land t=where the topographer is similar


A landform made up of flat or gently rolling hills with low relief.


A landform with high elevation and high relief.

Mountain range

A sires of mountains that have the same general shape and structure.


A landform that has more or less level and has high elevation above sea level.


A rigid layer made up of the uppermost layer of the mantle and crust.


The dense center made up of the solid inner core and the molten outer core.


A layer of hot solid material between the crust and core.


A layer of rock that forms earth's outer surface.


The material that forms earth's solid surface


Study of the earth


A model of all or part of earth's surface.


A sphere that represents earth's outer surface.


Used to compare distance on a map to the distance on earth's surface.


Pictures used by mapmakers to stand for features on the earth


A list of symbols used on a map.


an imaginary line half way between the North and South poles.


One half of a sphere that makes up earth's surface.

Prime Meridian

A line that makes a half circle from the north to the south pole.


A unit used to measure distance around the world.


distance north or south to the equator.


distance east to west from the Prime Meridian

Map Projection

A framework of limes that helps show landmass on a flat surface.

satellite Image

Pictures of the land based on computer data from satellites.


Tiny dots on a satellite image


Converting information to numbers for the use of computers

Topographic Map

A map that shows surface features of an area.

Contour Line

A line on a map that connects points of equal elevation.

Contour Interval

The difference in elevation to one contour line to the next.

GPS (Global Positioning System)

A method of finding latitude and longitude using satellites.

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