Upgrade to remove ads
Arts and Humanities
Christian Theo Exam #1
Terms in this set (43)
Swiss theologian. Saw Christian theology as "faith seeking understanding". For him, human beings come to know God when God gives them the gift of faith and enables them to encounter and experience God's self-revelation. Human beings can talk about God because God has given them God's own knowledge of God's self. He is Christocentric (Christ-centered) in theology. He presents Jesus as the primary test of adequate interpretations of God's self-revelation. For him, any theologies that conflict with God's revelation in and through Jesus Christ are inadequate for the Christian church. His theology emphasizes the priority of God's revelation (Jesus Christ) in the construction of theology. He also perceived Christian theology as a "function of the church" and the "scientific test which the Christian Church puts itself regarding the language about God which is peculiar to it. He saw theology as the task of the church. Christians must continue to test their view of God in light of Jesus Christ, the revelation of God.
Provides reasons to support Christian claims.
Theology is the "discourse about God" or the "study of God", or the "thought about God". Theology cannot exhaustingly explain God. Christian theology is concerned with the imagination and interpretation of God from the perspective of the life and teachings of Jesus Christ.
A guy from Kenya. Scripture. Theologies of older churches. African indigenous traditions. Living experiences of Present-day churches.
An English guy. Scripture. Tradition. Reason. Experience.
Removes potential and actual obstacles preventing people from accepting Christian claims.
Revelation as Inner Experience
God as "uninvited Guest". God brings God's self to human consciousness. Revelation=inner communication. God does not reveal God's self in speech and deeds. Critisism= experience is notoriously slippery, implication for the bible and inspiration. Christian theology arises when an individual encounters God or experiences the feeling of being absolutely dependent on God. Friedrich Schleiermacher
German. Believed in Revelation as inner experience.
Revelation as Doctrine
God as teacher. Impartation of information (speech, verbal). Bible is the word of God (statement of assertion). Critisism=diminishes the humanity of the Bible. Nature/functions of language (Speech-Act Theory). 1. Locution=text
Language does not perform only a propositional function. Carl F. Henry's view. and Avery Dulles
Revelation as Dialectical Presence
God as "judge". Aim= to critique human beings' misconceptations of God. Nature=Shrouded in God's otherness (therefore couldn't' be known without God's help). Form=Self-disclosure (God's presense especially in Jesus Christ). Barth's view. Criticism= Does God reveal God's presence outside of Jesus?
Revelation as New Awareness
God as "beckoner". God invites people to discover God's self. Revelation=a discovery of divine presence. Attainment= of higher God consciousness. Critisism= slipperiness of religious experience. No concrete reference point. The issue of Jesus Christ's uniqueness.
Revelation as History
God as actor or performer. Revelation comes only in the form of actions. God acts in history. Examples: Exodus and Christ-Event. Salvation history is central to God's revelation. Cristisim= criteria for revelational acts. God's speech as recorded in scripture. Wolfhart Pannenberg's view.
Revelation= to 'unveil'. God's revelation= God's act of unveiling God's modes of being and work in the same world. Summary=we can talk about God because God has revealed God's self (Hebrews 1:1-4) and God's revelation is attested by and also interpreted in scripture and Tradition. God's revelatory acts embedded in God's creation.
Located in select events and actions of God.
Knowledge that is revealed to you
Laboratory knowledge, historical study.
Innated knowledge, rational knowledge.
Holy spirit heightened the powers of human authors beyond their natural ability. There was no special communication between the Holy Spirit and human writers.
The Bible is the product of both human authors and God (the Holy Spirit). Human authors chose their words and wrote from their culture and experience. The Holy Spirit inspired the thought in them and supervised the writing process.
The Holy Spirit chose words and concepts for human writers.
There can be no errors in the bible. God's infallibility makes the scripture trustworthy. Innerancy is not taught in the Bible. God uses fallible things to accomplish great things. Purpose of the bible "to make people wise unto salvation" (2 Tim 3:15).
There are no errors in the bible. God's infallibility requires inerrant texts (no factual errors). God's sovereignty warrants inerrant autographic texts. Scripture may contain apparent errors. Strict vs. moderate inerrantists.
Authority of Scripture
The authority of the Bible implies that it governs our lives. (2 Tim 3:15-17). The bible has liberating authority. It has transformative authority and it is not a tool of oppression.
The Holy Spirit dictated the words to the human writers. Writers were mere "pens" or "secretaries" of the Holy Spirit.
Martin Luther's view of scripture. Means scripture alone, scripture has the final authority in matters of faith and practice.
Original manuscripts of the Bible.
One of the most influential American orthodox Protestant theologians. Interest in science and theology. Defended the view of sola scriptura against what he considered threats coming from the catholic church's doctrine of ecclesiastical magisterium. He rejected the form of liberal theology that viewed magisterium. He also rejected the form of liberal theology that viewed the Bible as human-made rather than God-breathed. He criticized non-orthodox theologians for rejecting a direct identification of the Bible with God's revelation.
The Bible is the product of human beings who had a high degree of insight. They were religious geniouses.
What is the nature of theology?
1. It is concerned with the imagination and interpretation of God from the perspective of the life and teachings of Jesus Christ. 1. It is a human endeavor 2. It is contextual 3. It is a test of Christian identity 4. It is a test of relevance.
What is the ultimate goal of Christian Theology?
The four tasks of theology
How does John Wesley's quadrilateral view of the sources of theology differ from John S. Mbiti's sources of Theology?
Wesley- 1. Scripture (protestant canon) 2. Tradition 3. Reason 4. Experience.
Mbiti- Scriptures (all canons accepted in Christianity). 2. Theologies of older churches 3. African Indigeneous religious traditions. 4. Living experiences of the present-day churches.
What are four tasks of theology discussed in class? Give an example to explain each of the functions.
1. Didactical (2 Tim 3:16-17): Exposition of scripture. Correct interpretation and appropriation (2 Tim 2:15, 2 Pet 3:15-16). 2. Apologetical (1Pet 3:15-16): Defending your faith, what we believe. It is not defending God. 3. Doxological: This view states that glorifying God is the ultimate goal of theology, praising God. 4. Praxis (Rom 12:1-2): How to practice one's faith in concrete ways. Ethical guidance. Justice and reconciliation. Care for the poor. (Luke 4:18-19).
Doctrine (Avery Dulles model of Revelation)
God as teacher. Impartation of information (speech, verbal). Bible is the word of God (statement of assertion). Crisisism= diminishes the humanity of the Bible. Nature/functions of language (speech-act theory). 1. Locution=text 2. Illocution=genre (language does not perform only a propositional function) 3. Perlocution=action Carl F. Henry
History (Avery Dulles model of Revelation)
Wolfhart Pannenberg's view. God as actor or performer. Revelation only comes in the form of actions. God acts in history (examples: Exodus and Christ-event). Salvation history is central to God's revelation. Cristisism=criteria for revelational acts. God's speech as recorded in Scripture. Wolf hard Pannenberg
Inner Experience (Avery Dulles model of Revelation)
F. Schleirmacher's view. God as "uninvited guest". God brings God's self to human consciousness. Revelation= inner communication. God does not reveal God's self in speech and deeds. Cristisim= experience is notoriously slippery. Implication for the bible and inspiration. F. Schleiermacher
Dialectical Presence (Avery Dulles model of Revelation
God as "judge". Aim: to critique human beings misconceptations of God. Nature: shrouded in God's otherness (therefore couldn't be known without God's help). Form: self-disclosure (God's presence, especially in Jesus Christ): Barth's view. Crisisism= Does God reveal God's presence outside of Jesus?
New Awareness (Avery Dulles model of Revelation
God as "beckoner". God invites people to discover God's self. Revelation=discovery of divine presence. Attainment of higher god-consiousness. Cristisim= slipperiness of religious experience. No concrete reference point. The issue of Jesus Christ's uniqueness.
How does general revelation defer from special revelation?
General revelation is found in every aspect of God's creation. Special revelation is located in select events and actions of God. General revelation is intended to be accessible to all people and to reveal general things about God. Special revelation is not intended to be accessible to all. It refers to the specific ways that God has chosen to reveal God's self. General revelation can be accessed through intuition and special revelation can be accessed through illumination of the Holy Spirit. General revelation's purpose is to unveil God's existence, power, providence and judgement. Special revelation's purpose is to reveal God personally, to reveal God's remedies for human sin and to provide the appropriate outlook to interpret general revelation. General revelation's limitations include that it is distorted by sin, it does not have the capacity to redress humanity's inability (a result of sin) to adequately understand God's relationship with the world, it does not reveal God's personality and it leads people to merely guess at the identity of the maker of the world. Special revelation's limitations include that it is not available to all people. Although there is no consensus on the actual scope of special revelation, the majority of people who use this classification argue that it is not available to all.
What distinguishes Karl Barth's view and Karl Rahner's view of scripture? What are their strengths and weaknesses?
Karl Barth's view= exclusive association of God's revelation with Jesus Christ. Scripture is the text that witnesses to God's revelation. Strengths= his view recaptures the true humanness of the Bible and also it's significance as a text that points sinners to God's revelation. Weaknesses= he does not account properly for those sections of the Bible that present God as speaking directly to the prophets. He does not explain properly the involvement of the Holy Spirit in the writings of the books of the Bible. Karl Rahner= The Bible is the collection of the records and testimonies of the apostolic church's understanding of God's revelation. Strengths= He attempted to reconcile the relationship between the authority of the Bible and ecclesiastical magisterium while maintaining the necessity of both sources of authority. Weaknesses= Many protestants believe that the Bible, in order to retain it's status as the final authority in matters of faith and practice, must be self-sufficient and self-interpreting. They believe that sola scriptura cannot be negotiated. Many Catholics see the two sources of authority as indispensable elements in the continual existence and meaningfulness of the church. Another critisim is his ague description of inspiration. He does not articulate the difference between God's act of inspiring the Bible and God's enactment of the church.
What is Luther's view of Scripture? What does he mean by "canon within canon
Luther's view of scripture is sola scriptura, scripture alone, that scripture has the final authority in matters of faith and practice. He believes that scripture is lord over church tradition. Critisisms= criteria for what promotes or inculcates Christ. Is scripture truly read in isolation from Church traditions. "Canon within canon" means that Jesus is lord over scripture, and scriptures aim is to "promote" Christ.
What does it mean to say that the bible is authoritative?
It means that the Bible governs our lives, it has liberating authority, transformative authority and it is not a tool of oppression.
What is the difference between B. B Warfield's view and Phyllis Trible's view of Scripture?
B.B. Warfield defended the view of sola scriptura against what he considered threats coming from the catholic church's doctrine of the ecclesiastical magisterium. He also rejected the form of liberal theology that viewed the Bible as human-made rather than God-breathed. Phyllis Trible believed that the bible is composed of diverse traditions that span centuries and that it embraces claims and counterclaims in witness to the complexities of existence. She believes the bible is non-patriarchal.
YOU MIGHT ALSO LIKE...
Christian Theology 1: mid-term
Rick John Test 1
OTHER SETS BY THIS CREATOR
Spanish Chapter 6 Vocabulary
Bible test 3