began 2,600 bce. Basic knowledge of organ placement, removal, body preservation
(460-337 BCE), 'First' anatomist and "father" of medicine
• Attributed diseases to natural causes (not religious)
384-322 BCE, Understanding of form from dissection of comparative species
Misunderstanding of function of the organ systems (heart as furnace, brain and lungs as A/C, vessels contain air)
(335-280 BCE), • Vivisectionist movement
First link of brain to intelligence
First to compare human and animal's bodies
130-201 AD, Prominent 'human' anatomist with 150 known writings.
• Held as the authority for 1300 years
Promoted concept of the four bodily humors
"Prince of Physicians"
Stressed importance of experimentation in medicine.
Islamic conquest of Persia
holy quran, •Scholars dissected humans and animals
•Human Anatomy as a gage of intelligence
Italian artist and anatomist
• Founder of the science of anatomy
• Provoked other anatomists against galen and for human cadaver dissections
First to articulate skeletons for display in medical schools
His findings and dissections helped correct misconceptions that had existed for 2000 years
Like Vesalius, challenged Galen's views
• Dispelled Aristotelian idea of blood vessels containing air
Accurately described the circular, direction flow of blood and the actions of the heart
established the basis for modern embryology
Anton Von Leeuwenhoek
• Dutch scientist/optical engineer
• Invented (relatively) powerful microscope
• Allowed for first clear views of cells and cell structures
M.J. Schleiden and Theodor Schwaan
"All living things are composed of cells"
• Five Tenets of Cells:
• Building blocks of all plants and animals
• Produced by division of other cells
• Smallest units that perform all functions
• Maintain homeostasis as a cell.
• Homeostasis above the cell level reflects actions of multiple cells
William Roentgen (and Bertha)
• Discovered rays that could penetrate most materials
• 'X' for the unknown