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[AP Human Geography] Population and Health
Study this set before the test!
Terms in this set (59)
Which of the major population clusters has the smallest proportion of rural population, often measured by percent of farmers?
What area of the world has the highest natural increase rate (NIR)?
Aside from illustrating raw data, what economic dynamic can population pyramids help to visualize?
What stage of the epidemiologic transition is characterized by a decrease in the number of deaths from infectious diseases alongside an increase in deaths from degenerative diseases?
What term describes the number of people that are supported by a unit area of arable land?
What stage of the demographic transition involves the condition known as zero population growth (ZPG)?
What demographic concept is the least significant factor that affects population growth rates?
Which of the following countries has the highest infant mortality rates?
Around what year did the first two countries enter Stage Two of the demographic transition?
In what stage of the demographic transition are population growth rates the lowest?
What concept helps to understand how pandemic diseases, such as H1N1 (swine flu) and AIDS (acquired immunodeficiency syndrome), have been spread?
What is NOT one of the physical environments where humans establish significant ecumenes?
Which of the following regions has the highest total fertility rate (TFR)?
What is NOT one of the ways that birth rates have been lowered?
Enforcing population control policies, such as limiting family size or forced sterilization
What demographic indicator would be a negative value in the possible Stage Five of the demographic transition?
Natural increase rates
Agricultural Revolution (Neolithic)
This allowed humans to domesticate plants and animals, which decreased the dependability on hunting and gathering.
(Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome), a disease that causes severe damage to the immune system, in the final stage of HIV. (AIDS)
Land suited for agriculture
The rate at which Linear growth occurs.
( 2, 3, 4, 5, etc.)
Arithmetic population density
The population of a country or region, divided by the area it has.
The number of people an area an support on a sustained basis
regular short-term migration
the distance between which cost, effort, and means, strongly influences willingness to travel
Crude birth rate
Number of babies born per year per 1000 people alive
Crude death rate
Number of deaths per year per 1000 people alive
Summarizes the population changes over time and area by combining natural change (death rate subtracted from birth rate) and net migration.
Despite a falling fertility rate, the population of a country with a large percentage of young people continues to grow.
Demographic Transition Theory
The theory that there is a global pattern to the development of countries, according to their current industrialization, which effect death and birth rates.
The study of population
The amount of something per unit
These are maps showing population by using a dot to represent a certain amount of people
Length of time needed to double the population
A stage in diseases, which classifies if its contagious and dangerous or not.
Epidemiologic transition (mortality revolution)
Distinctive causes of death in each stage of the demographic transition.
Less about physical characteristics, more about shared cultural heritage. (Like language, religion, customs, etc.)
Growth in which population grows rapidly, as if through multiplication.
(2, 4, 8, 16, etc.)
The killing of baby girls
The rate at which exponential growth occurs.
(2, 4, 8, 16, etc.)
When civilization experienced an increased amount of breakthroughs and enjoyed the benefit of manufactured products.
infant mortality rate
number of deaths among infants under one year of are for each thousand births given each year.
the average number of years that a child can expect to live if the current mortality rates hold.
Growth in which population grows consecutively, as if through addition. (1, 2, 3, 4, etc.)
An English economist. (1776-1834) Theorized that world population was growing faster than the world's food supply could handle
Percentage by which population grows
Pessimists who warn that population growth grows too fast for food production.
One child policy
A program introduced to the Chinese population as an attempt to lessen the birth rate by china's leader, Deng Xiaoping
The circumstance of too many people for the land to support
Physiological population density
Measures the pressure that people place on the land to produce food.
Places with high concentrations of people
The trend toward rapid population increase in places.
Focuses on the number, composition, and distribution of humans on earth's surface
An important way to analyze population graphically, representing age and sex composition.
A category composed of people who share biologically transmitted traits that members of a society consider important.
Restrictive population policies
policies put in place by governments hoping to lower their overall natural increase.
Stationary population level
A point where a country stops growing in population.
Based on the principal that everything we need depends on our environment.
Total fertility rate
The number of children an average woman had in her reproductive life.
Zero population growth
A stage which occurs when birth and death rates equal each other.
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