Chapter 2 test Review

Key terms and people
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Moctezuma
Aztec Ruler, mistook Cortes to be god and welcomed him into the empire. Offered him gifts, but was killed nonetheless., m. 1520. rey de Tenochtitlán.
Mercantilism
The belief that colonies existed to make the home country wealthy and powerful. (A country imports more raw materials- fold, cotton, timber-than it exports. Exports manufactured goods (clothes, furniture). Colonies can only trade with parent country).
Northwest Passage
A water route to Asia through North America sought by European explorers. It went from the Atlantic to the pacific Ocean.
Vasco Nunez de Balboa
Spanish explorer who became the first European to see the Pacific Ocean in 1510 while exploring Panama
Columbian Exchange
The exchange of plants, animals, diseases, and technologies between the Americas and the rest of the world following Columbus's voyages.
Vikings
A group of Europeans who reached North America centuries before Columbus.
Francisco Coronado
Coronado never found the Seven Cities of gold. However, he did claim the lands he had traveled through for Spain. This prevented any other European country from making claims to the American Southwest.
Juan Ponce de Leon
Spaniard who sailed North from Puerto Rico and landed on state Florida. The first explorer to set foot on North America.
encomienda
A grant of land made by Spain to a settler in the Americas, including the right to use Native Americans as laborers.
King Henry the VIII
He wanted to divorce his queen, but Roman Catholic Church wouldn't allow it. He broke away from Roman Catholic Church. He set up a Protestant church named the "Church of England", so that he could divorce.
John Cabot
Italian explorer. Wanted to find a more northern, shorter and easier route to Asia. Explored North America. His ship disappeared without a trace.
Henry Hudson
Discovered what today is known as the Hudson River. Sailed for the Dutch even though he was originally from England. He was looking for a northwest passage through North America.
Jacques Marquette
French missionary who accompanied Louis Joliet in exploring the upper Mississippi River valley (1637-1675)
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