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Chapter 7 (Bones) Connect HW
Terms in this set (36)
Bone cells that become surrounded by bone matrix and are located in cavities called lacunae are ______________.
Is the Scapula a long, short, flat, or irregular bone?
Is the Carpal bone a long, short, flat, or irregular bone?
Is the Femur a long, short, flat, or irregular bone?
Is the Vertebrae a long, short, flat, or irregular bone?
The primary function of osteoblasts is to __________________
lay down bone matrix
The axial skeleton includes the ________________________.
skull, thoracic cage, and vertebral column
Ribs that join the sternum directly by costal cartilages are called __________.
Articular cartilage, found on the ends of long bones, consists of __________________.
In an adult, red bone marrow is found in all of the following bones EXCEPT the _____________.
Serves as a precursor for the formation of long bones in the body
A depression in the hip bone that receives the head of the femur
T or F: Compact bone is found on the internal surfaces of spongy bone, often lining the marrow cavities
The hip bones include:
ilium, ischium, and pelvis
Intramembranous ossification produces the _____________________.
flat bones of the skull
If you palpate the medial side of your ankle, what prominent process of the tibia are you feeling?
T or F: Once the epiphyseal plate ossifies and forms an epiphyseal line, the long bone continues to grow in length, but at a slower rate.
The _____________ are found deep in the diaphysis of of long bones and are filled with yellow marrow in the adult.
Located in the middle of osteons, the ___________ contain the arterial, venous, and nervous supply of the compact bones.
Filled with osteocytes, which are osteoblasts encased in matrix, _____________ are found between layers of concentric lamellae.
Osteocytes maintain contact with neighboring osteocytes in adjacent lamellae via dendrite-like extensions called ____________.
The bones of the wrist are called the ___________ bones.
Out of the eight bones of the wrist, only _______ of them articulate with the radius.
The bones of the hand are called the ________________ and they are numbered from the thumb towards the little finger.
The fingers are called ________________ and consist of a proximal, middle and distal bone (except the thumb, which only has a proximal and distal).
Which of the following cell types is responsible for breaking down bone matrix?
In the appendicular skeleton, the pectoral girdle is made up of the __________ and the __________.
Name the correct order of the five regions into which the vertebral column is divided from the region closest to the head to the region farthest away from the head
cervical, thoracic, lumbar, sacral, coccyx
Bone-forming cells that produce collagen and proteoglycans and release matrix vesicles are ______________.
Does the parathyroid hormone increase or decrease blood calcium levels?
Does calcitonin increase or decrease blood calcium levels?
Extracellular matrix of bone tissue is composed of ______________.
Which mineral is most important throughout life to assist in maintaining strong bone?
Which of the following is not considered a weight-bearing activity?
Trusses and arches that help form an internal scaffolding network, are found in _____________.
At which of the following ages would calcium loss from bone be more than calcium deposits into bone, even when a high calcium diet is eaten?
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