World History Chapter 10
Terms in this set (27)
Which county had a monopoly on the Mediterranean trade?
grew in importance at the markets because of their ability to judge value of the coins
The order from lowest to highest of the members of a craft guild
apprentice, journeyman, master
more than 70 German cities that sought to organize and control trade in norther Europe
cathedrals and monasteries
the primary centers of education in the EARLY middle ages.
How did the students choose their schools in the Middle Ages
Who influenced the art and architecture of the EARLY middle ages?
a new social class that grew during the late middle ages consisting of merchants, bankers and craftsmen
regulated the business activity of a given town
The Black Death
the plague that spread from Asia across Europe that killed 1/3 of the population
What factors contributed to the growth of towns in medieval Europe
renewed trade, better farming methods, larger population.
another name for the middle ages used for the lack of education in Europe
Bologna and Paris
Two of the earliest Universities
the intellectual movement characterized by a renewed interest in theology and philosophy
written by Geoffrey Chaucer about the journey of pilgrims to see Thomas A Beckets' shrine
"Roman-like" architecture constructing churches in the shape of a cross
a style of architecture using "flying buttresses" to create spacious and lofty cathedrals
Hundred Years' War
battles and truces between France and England that lasted from 1337-1453
War of the Roses
war between to rival families fighting for the English throne, the Yorks and Lancasters
House of Tudor
the family that ruled England as a result of the War of Roses
Joan of Arc
motivated the French to victory in the Hundred Years' War - burned at the stake by the English
Ferdinand of Castille and Isabella of Aragon
marriage created the the nation of Spain
Issued a papal "bull" that stated "obedience to the pope is necessary for salvation"
family that ruled the German states known as Austria until after World War I
The period of time when the papacy was moved to Avignon, France
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