77 terms

BCA 223 Midterm

STUDY
PLAY

Terms in this set (...)

Arc
A camera move that moves around the subject in a circle, arc, or "horseshoe"
path.
Empirical Production Method
The empirical method is where instinct and opportunity are
the guides.
Goals
Broad concepts of what you want to accomplish with the program.
Multicamera Production
When two or more cameras are use to create a television production. Usually a production switcher switches the cameras.
Objectives
Measurable goals. That means something that can be tested
for, to see that the audience did understand and remember the key points of the program.
Planned Production Method
The planned method, which organizes and builds a program
in carefully arranged steps.
Remote Survey (Recce)
A preliminary visit to a shooting location.
Shot Sheet (Shot Card)
A sheet, created by the director, that lists each shot needed from
each individual camera operator. The shots are listed in order so that the camera operator
can move from shot to shot with little direction from the director.
Single Camera Production
When one camera is used to shoot the entire segment or show.
Site Survey
Basically a remote survey
Storyboard
The storyboard is simply a series of rough sketches that help you to visualize
and to organize your camera treatment.
Camera Control Unit (CCU)
-Equipment that controls the camera from a remote position.
-Includes setting up and adjusting the camera: exposure, black level,
luminance, color correction, aperture, and so on.
Clapboard
Also known as a slate is shot at the beginning
of each take to provide information such as film title, names of the director and director of photography, scene, take, date, and time. Primarily used in dramatic
productions.
Continuity
The goal is to make sure there is consistency from one shot to the next in a scene and from scene to scene. This includes the talent, objects, sets, and so on.
Cut
An instantaneous transition between two images. This is the most common
switcher transition used in production. (Also known as a "take.")
Dissolve (Mix)
A gradual transition between two images. A dissolve usually signifies a
change time or location.
Dolly (Track)
To move the whole camera and mount slowly toward or away from the
subject.
Fade In/Out Up/Down
A fade is a transition to or from "video black." Usually defines
the beginning or end of a segment or program.
ISO
While all the cameras are connected to the switcher as before, the "isolated
camera" is also continuously recorded on a separate recorder.
Objective Camera
The camera takes on the role of an onlooker who is watching the
action from the best possible position at each moment.
Pan
To pivot the camera to the left or right.
Stand By
To alert the talent to stand by for a cue.
Stretch
To tell the talent to go more slowly (there is time to spare).
Subjective Camera (POV)
When the camera represents the talent's point
of view, allowing the audience to see through the talent's eyes, as the camera
moves through a crowd or pushes aside undergrowth.
Switcher (Version Mixer)
A devise used to switch between video inputs (cameras,
graphics, video players, etc.).
Take
Basically a Cut
Truck (Crab)
To move the whole camera and mount left or right.
Wipe
A special effect transition between two images. Usually shows a change of
time, location, or subject. It adds novelty to the transition but can easily be
overused.
Camera Script
Adds full details of the production treatment to the left side of the
"rehearsal script" and usually also includes the shot numbers, cameras used, positions
of camera, basic shot details, camera moves, and switcher instructions (if
used).
Full Script
Includes detailed information on all aspects of
the production. This includes the precise words that the talent/actors are to use in
the production.
Outline Script
Usually provides the prepared dialog for the opening and closing and
then lists the order of topics that should be covered. The talent will use the list as
they improvise throughout the production.
Scene
Each scene covers a complete continuous action sequence.
Rehearsal Script
Usually includes the cast/character list, production team details,
rehearsal arrangements, and so forth. There is generally a synopsis of the plot or
storyline, location, time of day, stage/location instructions, action, dialog, effects
cues, and audio instructions.
Aperture
The opening in the lens that allows light into the camera
CCD
This charged-coupled device is an image sensor used in most video cameras.
CMOS
This complementary metal-oxide semiconductor image sensor has less power
consumption, saving energy for longer shooting times.
Depth of Field
The distance between the nearest and farthest objects in focus
Digital Zoom
Zooming is achieved by progressively reading out a smaller and smaller
area of the same digitally constructed image. The image progressively deteriorates as
it is zoomed in.
Dolly
This platform with wheels is used to smoothly move a camera during a shot toward
or away from the talent.
DSLR
Digital Single Lens Reflex still camera with video capabilities
F-Stop
The f-stop regulates how much light is allowed to pass through the camera lens
by varying the size of the hole the light comes through.
Focal Length
An optical measurement; the distance between the optical center of the lens
and the image sensor, when you are focused at a great distance such as infi nity; it is
measured in millimeters (mm) or inches.
Handheld Camera
A camera that is held by a person and not supported by any type of
camera mount.
Iris
The diaphragm of the lens that is adjustable. This diaphragm is adjusted open or
closed based on the amount of light needed to capture a quality image.
Jib
A counterbalanced arm that fits onto a tripod that allows the camera to move up,
down, and around.
Normal Lens
The type of lens that portrays the scene approximately the same way a
human eye might see it.
Optical Zoom
Uses a lens to maintain a high-quality image throughout
its zoom range.
Prime Lens
A lens that has a fixed focal length
Telephoto Lens
Gives a magnified view of the scene, making it appear closer
Tripod
A camera mount that is a three-legged stand with independently extendable legs
Truck
The truck, trucking, or tracking shot is when the camera and mount move
sideways with the subject.
Viewfinder
Monitors the camera's picture. This allows the camera operator to focus,
zoom, and frame the image
Wide-Angle Lens
Shows a greater area of the scene.
Zoom Lens
A lens that has a variable focal length.
Action Line
The imaginary line along the direction of the action in the
scene. Cameras should only shoot from one side of this line.
Close-Up Shot
Encourages the audience to concentrate on a specifi c feature.
Shows emotion on people and draws the viewer's attention to a detail/aspect/portion
of an object.
Follow Focus
This technique requires the camera operator to continually change
the focus as the camera follows the action
Long Shot or Wide Angle Shot
Helps establish the scene for the viewer
Macro
Some lenses include a setting, which is designed to provide a sharp
image almost up to the actual lens surface.
Medium Shot
...
Pan Shot
The medium shot tells the story; it is close enough to show the emotion
of the scene but far enough away to show some of the relevant context of the
event. Generally shot from the waist up on a person
Tilt Shot
When the camera pivots up or down on a camera mount.
Wavelength Monitor
An oscilloscope that displays a fluctuating line that traces the
variations of the video signal, the sync pulses, and so forth. Individual picture lines
can be selected and examined. Its several uses include checking for exposure
errors, ensuring that the video does not exceed the system's limits, and checking
the accuracy of sync pulses.
Zone Focus
Camera operators are focused on a portion of the scene. Any time the
subject comes into that area, the camera has been prefocused to make sure the
action is sharp.
4 Key Areas that Affect Quality of a Production
-Staff
-Budget
-Equipment
-Time
Producer
Responsible for everything pre/post production
Director
Directs talent/technical operations. They are responsible for translating the producer's idea into an effective message
Technical Director
Operates the switcher during production
Assistant Director
Aids the director during the show and times the production in a studio setting
Graphics Personelle
Uses a CG machine to call up premade graphics. Also responsible for graphic creation when no art department involved
Audio Director
Responsible for all things audio. Runs cables, sets up mics, operates audio console during production
Playback/VTR Personelle
Operates recording/playback system
Camera Operator
Operates cameras during production
Floor Director
Manages the studio floor and coordinates talent and crew. Serves as the director's mouth and ears during production
Talent
People on camera
ENG
-Electronic news gathering
-Do post-production and pre-production on the go.
-Has 1 camera, a tripod, and a mic
-Can be edited in the field
EFP
-Electronic field production
-Pre-produced in advance, intended for post production
-One or more cameras and mics