CCD 8th grade test
Terms in this set (60)
the three persons in one God: Father, Son and Holy Spirit
Who is our Savior
Jesus Christ, the second Person of the Blessed Trinity, who saved us from the consequences of our sins by dying on the cross.
Third Person of the Blessed Trinity, also known as the "Paraclete" or helper that Jesus promised to send after His death to guide the Church.
the law of love and greatest covenant between God and the Israelites, given to Moses on Mt. Sinai
set of guidelines given to us by Christ and recorded in Jesus' Sermon on the Mount. They set forth the conditions of discipleship with Christ and result in our being blessed by God in this life and the next.
Corporal Works of Mercy
kind acts by which we help our neighbors with their material and physical needs. They include:
Spiritual Works of Mercy
acts of compassion that aim at people's emotional and spiritual needs. They include:
Gifts from God that lead us to live in a close relationship with Him.
These are the three most important virtues because they come from God and lead to God: Faith, Hope, Charity / Love (can be either)
These are human virtues, acquired by education and good actions.
Gifts of the Holy Spirit
given to us by the Holy Spirit to help us do what God asks of us.
Fruits of the Holy Spirit
the resulting benefits of living our lives using the Gifts of the Holy Spirit mentioned above. The fruits include:
a sacred outward sign of an inward grace instituted by Christ. There are seven sacraments that Jesus established and taught the Apostles for our benefit.
- the usual minister of Confirmation. He is the successor of the Apostles upon whom the Holy Spirit descended on Pentecost
Marks of the Church
- 4 characteristics which must ALL be present to identify the church that Jesus established on earth. They are : One, Holy, Catholic & Apostolic
the virtue that helps us use our bodies to express love in purity and truthfulness.
a perfumed oil, consecrated by the bishop, that is used in the sacraments of Baptism, Confirmation and Holy Orders. Anointing with chrism signifies the call of the baptized to the threefold ministry of priest, prophet and king.
a title that means "anointed one". It also means the same thing as the Hebrew word Messiah or "anointed". It is the name given to Jesus as priest, prophet and king.
sacrament of initiation that seals or finishes what happened to us at Baptism. Through Confirmation, the Holy Spirit and his gifts are strengthened in us and we are more closely linked to Christ and the Church.
one of the seven Gifts of the Holy Spirit. Fortitude (Courage) enables us to stand up for our beliefs and to live as followers of Jesus. With this gift we have the inner strength to do what is right in the face of difficulties and to be faithful in our ordinary duties as Christians.
a gift of God that helps us to believe in Him. We profess our faith in the creed, celebrate it in the sacraments, live it by loving God and our neighbor, and express it in prayer.
Fear of the Lord (Wonder and Awe)
one of the seven Gifts of the Holy Spirit, which helps us to recognize the greatness of God and our dependence on Him. It leads us to marvel at God's incredible love for us.
one of the seven Gifts of the Holy Spirit, which helps us to know what God asks of us and how we should respond.
Laying on of Hands
the placement of both hands on the head of the person being prayed over. Scripture tells us that the apostles did this at Jesus' command, calling down the Holy Spirit to dwell in people. The bishop does this to the candidate at Confirmation before anointing them with the chrism.
Liturgy of the Word
the first half of the Mass, in which we listen to God's Word from the Bible and consider what it means for us today.
Liturgy of the Eucharist
the second half of the Mass, in which the bread and wine are consecrated and become the Body and Blood of Jesus Christ, which we then receive in Holy Communion.
a serious decision to turn away from God by doing something that we know is wrong. It must be a very serious offense, the person must know how serious the sin is, and freely choose to do it anyway. Anyone who has freely chosen to turn away from God and dies before asking for forgiveness loses the chance of eternal life with God.
A choice we make that weakens our relationship with God or other people. If we make no effort to do better, venial sin can lead to more serious sin. Venial sin is forgiven when we do penance, strengthening our relationship with God and others.
the work of salvation accomplished through Jesus Christ through his Passion, Death and Resurrection. The Paschal Mystery is celebrated in the liturgy of the Church and through the sacraments.
things we can do to repair or make up for the pain we cause when we sin against God and our fellow man.
one of the Gifts of the Holy Spirit which helps us to love and worship God. Reverence also helps us to be respectful and generous to others.
Council (Right judgment)
one of the Gifts of the Holy Spirit which helps us to seek advice and be open to the advice of others. It also helps us to give advice and to speak up and encourage others to do the right thing.
the gift of God, given to us without our earning it, that introduces us to the Trinity, unites us with its life, and heals our human nature, wounded by sin. It continues the work of making us holy that began at our Baptism.
A practicing Catholic who presents a candidate for Baptism or Confirmation. The sponsor's duties are to support the candidate in living the Christian faith throughout their lifetime.
one of the seven Gifts of the Holy Spirit, which helps us to make the right choices in life and in our relationships with God and others.
one of the seven Gifts of the Holy Spirit, which helps us to understand the purpose and plan of God and to live in a way that helps to bring about His plan. It begins in wonder and awe of God's greatness.
To abstain is to refrain from something, such as abstaining from meat on Fridays in Lent. In this case, sexual abstinence is refraining from all sexual activity until marriage. Abstinence is a necessary part of chastity for unmarried people.
The direct or intentional killing of an unborn child.
Sexual activity between a married person and someone who is not his or her spouse.
A totally selfless act of love that wants what is truly best for your loved one and works to achieve it; Agape seeks nothing in return, it is pure charity and selflessness.
An excessive passion for wealth and the power often connected with wealth. (It is a capital sin)
the virtue that calls us to use our bodies to express love in purity and truthfulness. Chastity requires learning to love as God loved us. Chastity tells the truth of the Language of the Body.
a pupil or student who commits himself to a special teacher, one who promises to teach important lessons about life.
the act of intentionally bringing about the death of one who is gravely ill. Its purpose is to relieve a person of intense suffering. Because euthanasia deliberately takes the life of another, it is morally wrong and the Church condemns it.
Sexual activity between people who are not married.
The gift given to us by God with the ability to choose - which is necessary in order to love. This God-given ability allows us to make our own choices and determine our own destiny.
means "Good News", stories of Jesus' life that helps to guide us in our daily lives.
The Incarnation refers to the reality that Jesus, who is fully God, became man. God the Son became man so He could die and rise, saving humanity from the destruction caused by sin so that we can really become sons and daughters of God, possessing divine life.
Strong feelings of curiosity or attraction often rooted in the physical appearance and apparent mystery of another person. When one truly gets to know someone, infatuation can grow into love or disappear altogether.
the virtue that guides our relations with all people - making sure that we respect the dignity of all human beings and honor their rights, by demanding that we seek the common good for all mankind.
Lust is a vice that causes people to view others as objects for sexual use.
Judging whether an action is right or wrong, based upon the truths that God has revealed to us.
A Sacramental, Holy bonding, binding until death, between a man and a woman and God in which a couple becomes a sign of Christ in the church. Marriage calls for a Free, Total, Faithful, Fruitful relationship that brings new life into the world.
Modesty is presenting oneself in a way that expresses the virtue of chastity. It encourages others to see us in purity. The virtue of modesty is presenting yourself with a respectful, healthy focus on your whole person—body and soul—and being careful tat how you dress, speak, and act encourage others to love, not lust.
Original Sin hurts our ability to know what is right, choose what is good, and to love; it causes us to suffer and even die; and it makes us prone to commit sin even when we try not to.
Theology of the Body
A study of God and the purpose of our existence, as discovered and revealed through our bodies.
The Language of the Body
The major teaching that the visible human body can reveal truths about the invisible human soul, God, our relationships, and how we act.
A bad habit that enslaves us to selfishness; vices hurt us by hindering our power to love.
A good habit that empowers human persons to love God and others freely.
The particular, specific way that God calls each person to live out their call to holiness in marriage, consecrated life, or ordained life.