Lifeguarding Chapter 2 Review
Terms in this set (7)
What items are considered to be personal protective equipment for a lifeguard?
■ Resuscitation masks
■ Protective Eyewear
What equipment should be worn or carried by a lifeguard at all times while on duty? List at least two and include the reason(s) why this equipment should be worn or carried.
■ A Rescue tube should be worn at all times when performing patron surveillance. Rescue tubes are capable of keeping multiple victims afloat and they are the primary pierce of equipment used to perform a water rescue.
■ Hip-packs containing gloves and resuscitation mask(s) should be worn by lifeguards at all times, even when not on surveillance duty, so that equipment is instantly available in an emergency.
■ Resuscitation mask(s) allow lifeguards to breathe air into a victim without making mouth-to-mouth contact. Resuscitation mask(s) should be carried in the Lifeguard's hip pack at all times, even when not on surveillance duty, so that it is available
instantly in an emergency.
■ A Whistle is a signaling device for lifeguards used to activate the facility's EAP and to get attention of other members of the safety team as well as patrons for policy
enforcement. Whistles should be loud, made of material that will not rust and have breakaway lanyards. Lifeguards should wear whistles at all times.
■ Disposable Gloves are used to protect lifeguards that may be exposed to blood or other potentially infectious material (OPIM). Gloves should be carried in the Lifeguard's hip pack at all times, even when not on surveillance duty, so that they are available instantly in an emergency
What safety equipment/items should be easily accessible for a lifeguard while on
duty? List at least two and describe how/when each item is used.
■ Backboards are a standard piece of equipment used at aquatic facilities to remove victims from the water when they are unable to exit the water on their own or they have a possible head, neck or spinal injury.
■ Automated External Defibrillators (AEDs) are used to analyze the hearts
rhythm and deliver an electrical shock (when needed) to help re-established an effective heart rhythm. AEDs are used in conjunction with CPR.
■ First aid kits include supplies used to treat common injuries at aquatic facilities including bleeding and wounds and help stabilize injuries to muscles, bones and joints.
■ Bag-Valve-Mask (BVM) resuscitators are used to ventilate a victim in respiratory arrest or when performing CPR with more than one rescuer.
■ Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) is used to prevent lifeguards from
coming into direct contact with a victim's body fluids. PPE includes gloves, resuscitation masks, gowns, masks, shields and protective eyewear.
■ Rescue boards (for waterfront facilities) are used as standard equipment at waterfront facilities and are designed to accommodate a lifeguard plus one or more victims. Rescue boards may be used during rescues to quickly paddle out long distances or as a patrolling device for lifeguards.
As a lifeguard, you are responsible for:
Consistently enforcing you facility's rules and regulations.
List five common rules and regulations often posted at an aquatic facility.
■ Swim only when a lifeguard is on duty.
■ Swim diapers are required for small children or people with incontinence.
■ No swimming with open or infected wounds.
■ Obey lifeguard instructions at all times.
■ No running, pushing or rough play.
■ No hyperventilating before swimming underwater or breath-holding contests.
■ No sitting or playing near or with drains or suction fittings.
■ Dive only in designated areas.
■ No glass containers in the pool area and locker rooms.
■ No alcoholic beverages or drug use allowed.
Explain what it means to be "equipped and rescue-ready."
Equipped and rescue-ready means that you are wearing or carrying the appropriate rescue equipment for your facility and ready to enter the water to perform a rescue.
Effective surveillance includes several elements. What are these elements
and why are they instrumental to keeping patrons safe?