KINES 012 : Snowboarding
Terms in this set (62)
What is the Responsibility Code for snowsports
In CLOVERS, C stands for
In CLOVERS, L stands for
In CLOVERS, O stands for
In CLOVERS, V stands for
In CLOVERS, E stands for
In CLOVERS, R stands for
In CLOVERS, S stands for
Before starting across or down a hill, what should a skier or rider do?
Look uphill to make sure that it is safe to start down or across the hill.
When getting up after falling, how should a snowboarder position their board?
Across the fall line, so that rider can get up without having their board move down the hill.
When joining a group of snowboarders who are stopped on the slope, where should one stop and why?
Below the group, so that you don't run into anyone, especially if you catch an edge as you approach the group.
How old is snowboarding?
88 years old.
1929: M.J. "Jack" Burchett
He cut out a plank of plywood, and tried to secure his feet with some clothesline and horse reigns. Burchett came up with one of the first "snowboards"
1965: Sherman Poppen
A chemical gasses engineer in Muskegon MI, invented "The Snurfer" as a toy for his daughter. He made the Snurfer by bounding two skis together and putting a rope at the nose, so the rider could hold it and keep it more stable.
1969: Dimitrije Milovitch
His boards were based on surfboards combined with the way skis work. Started a company called "Winterstick"
1977: Jack Burton
First boards were made of laminated hardwood, which had the first binding used on a snowboard.
1977: Tom Sims
Build first in a junior high shop class. Glued some carpet to the top of a piece of wood, and out an aluminum sheeting on the bottom.
The first National Snowboard race was held in Suicide Six, outside of Woodstock, Vermont.
Snowboarding was declared as an olympic sport.
Olympics in Nagano, Japan was the first time that snowboarding was featured as a medal sport.
When you buy or rent a snowboard, the shop or tech will adjust the binding to one of two stance settings. What are they?
Goofy and Regular
What is Camber
When a snowboard is resting on a flat surface, only the top and tail will touch. The waist will not touch the surface.
What is Rocker
When the waist of the snowboard is flat and the top and tail bow are not touching the snow.
Why does a snowboard have camber?
A snowboard has camber so that when one stands on it, pressure is evenly distributed along the length of the snowboard.
What is a snowboard's flex?
Flex is the snowboard's ability to bend along its length.
How does the flex of a snowboard differ for a Freestyle board compared to a Freeride board?
A freestyle board will have more flex, while a freeride board will have a stiffer flex.
What is sidecut
Sidecut is the hourglass shape of the snowboard. The snowboard is wider at the top and tail, and narrower at the waist. This shape helps the snowboard to turn.
What factors should a snowboarder consider when choosing a snowboard?
(1) Appropriate flex, (2) appropriate length (should be between shoulders and chin), (3) directional vs true twin (directional has further back set bindings, true twin are in the center), (4) snowboard camber.
What factors should a snowboarder consider when choosing boots?
Should fit tight but comfortable, flex: stability without being able to lay your ankle completely down with pressure, three types of laces: regular, boa, and speed laces.
What factors should a snowboarder consider when choosing bindings?
Make sure binding have a high back, ankle strap and toe strap. Make sure they can be fastened so there is NO movement of boot within.
Four skills in snowboarding
Pivot (Rotary), Pressure, Tilt (Edging) and Twist (Edging)
AKA Rotary: Snowboarder uses muscles to guide feet/knees/snowboard in the desired direction.
Managing the pressure of the board on snow by flexing, extending or transferring pressure from toe-side to heel-side.
Type of edging, using the joints of the body to increase or decrease the edge angle of the board on the snow.
Type of edging, torsional twist of the board along its longitudinal axis.
What are the components of a balanced stance?
Feet shoulder width apart, upper body quite, hands at sides, weight balanced 60% on front foot and 40% on back foot, and athletic stance.
Why is a balanced stance important?
Keeps whole snowboard in contact with the snow for improved snowboard performance, allows a rider to maintain equilibrium in varied terrain and snow conditions, allows the rider to move efficiently into the new turn.
Where do turning movements originate (what part of the body?)
Turning movements originate in the feet and knees. (Not the upper body!)
Why are where turning movements originate an important thing?
Turning movements need to start with the front knee and foot to initiate a turn.
How do snowboarders put their board on edge?
By angulations: creating angles in ankles, knees and hips.
What is a skidded turn?
The board slips (moves sideways) or skids (moves forward and sideways) at some point in the turn.
What is pressure control or pressure management?
Pressure control movements are movements that affect the pressure of the snowboard on the snow.
How do you pressure a snowboard?
Extension (opening a joint).
How do you release pressure on a snowboard?
Flexion (closing a joint).
What is a Fall Line?
The fall line is the path of least resistance down the hill.
What is a J-turn?
Start with a straight glide, nose facing down the fall line, initiate with front foot, until the snowboard goes across the fall line, complete with nose of the board starting to face back uphill.
What is side slipping?
Move down the slope with the board horizontal to the fall line, release pressure on uphill edge to slide down the slope, while keeping edge engaged.
What is a C-turn? (What level of snowboarder utilizes this?)
Start across hill, turn into fall line, then back across the hill in a c movement. Beginner level snowboarders use this to initiate and complete a turn.
What is the purpose of skating?
To get on and off the lift, travel across flat terrain and cat paths, and get around unforeseen conditions that you can not snowboard through safely.
How does a snowboarder shape a turn.
On the beginner/novice level, a snowboarder must use rotation of ankles and knees to complete the turn, then using edging and pressure to maintain the uphill edge while going across the fall line.
Why is turn shape important when riding?
Allows snowboarder to control the speed no matter the terrain.
A friend has fallen and lost their goggles a few feet below you, there isn't enough space for you to safely turn and get them, what two ways can you get them?
Side slip and falling leaf.
What tactics can a person use when riding on a new trail or slope to help stay in control and snowboard safely?
Snowboard one turn at a time stopping between each, or complete each turn until slowed sufficiently to make the next turn. Pick a spot and ride to it. Follow an instructor or their path.
If you fall on the slope, how do you get back up?
Make sure snowboard is across the fall line, apply pressure to uphill, heel-side edge and stand right up, or spin board so you are laying on your belly and apply pressure uphill to toe-side edge and walk up using hands until standing.
Name several tactics that a person can use when encountering ice on a trail.
Utilize uphill edge in a balanced position, use the snow on the side of the trail to turn, move across AND down the hill instead of just traversing, stay in balance by maintaining a good stance and not making sudden moves.
You are on a slope and don't have enough room to make a turn, how to you turn yourself around?
Falling leaf or garland.
You are riding and you want to slow down, besides completing our turns, what is another way to slow yourself down?
Traverse across the hill, slowly point nose uphill.
Balance, Leg Strength, Muscle Memory, Core Strength and Joint Movement
When dressing for snowboarding the three layers are:
Base layer (not cotton), mid-layer (most warmth) and outer-layer (jacket and ski pants, water proof, etc.)
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