28 terms

UC Sociology 1001 - Exam 1 Multiple Choice

Multiple Choice questions from the Exam 1 Review Packet, Answer >> Question
The Sociological Perspective
The concept that describes opening a window into unfamiliar worlds that allows us to understand human behavior by placing it within its broader social context.
Social Location
When sociologists' group people into categories based on their age, gender, educational level, job, and income, they are trying to determine this. (Where they sit in society)
C. Wright Mills
The sociologist responsible for suggesting the connection between history and biography to explain the sociological imagination.
Herbert Spencer
The term "survival of the fittest," which is a principle part of the concept of social Darwinism, was coined by this sociologist. (Note: Darwin did not 'coin' the term, but used it to describe evolution and was given credit for it.)
Social Integration
The French sociologist Emile Durkheim is most identified with this following area of study. (This is the study of how our place in society influences our lives.)
Talcott Parsons
The American sociologist who focused on social analysis, developing abstract models showing how parts of society harmoniously work together.
Anthony has been an applied sociologist.
During his career, Anthony has worked as a juvenile police officer, corrections counselor in a state prison, and executive director of an urban redevelopment program. In view of this, which title best describes Anthony's career path?
Auguste Comte; Herbert Spencer
The two sociologists who referred to society as a kind of living organism. (Note: Answer not available. He is paired with Comte and Weber)
Culture Shock
The author's experience in Morocco, which included the absence of women from public positions, intense stares directed at him, pushing and shoving at the train station, and total disregard for sanitation by food vendors, left the author with a profound sense of this.
Culture is taken for granted by members of society who share it.
Anthropologist Ralph Linton said, "The last thing a fish would ever notice would be water." What does this imply about culture?
Cultural Relativism
In his book, Sick Societies, anthropologist Robert Edgerton proposed that cultures should be evaluated on their "quality of life" and not just automatically accepted. This is contrary to this social concept.
There is a constant influx of new Hispanic immigrants into the U.S.
In America, why is Spanish, rather than English, continuously spoken from generation to generation with greater commitment than any other non-English speaking language?
Kingsley Davis
The sociologist who studied feral children, including the abused child Isabelle who was discovered in 1938 living in an attic with her deaf-mute mother.
The orphans raided by the mentally impared scored an average of 28 points higher than those raised by trained professionals.
What discovery did Skells and Dye make when they administered intelligence tests to a sample of orphans raised by residents of an institution for mentally retarded women? (Note: "Trained Professional" refers to the children taught in an orphanage.)
Charles Horton Cooley
The process by which we develop a sense of self, referred to as the "looking-glass self," was developed by this sociologist.
Harry and Margaret Harlow
The research in the early 1960s using rhesus monkeys to demonstrate the importance of intimate physical contact in the rearing of animals was conducted by these sociologists.
George Herbert Mead
This symbolic interactionist stressed that play was crucial to the development of the concept of self.
Sociologists object to the view that inborn and subconscious motivations are the primary reasons for human behavior.
Why do many sociologists object to psychoanalysis as a valid explanation for human behavior? (Note: Idea developed by Freud. Although his results applied to all genders, he only studied males and his work is seen as "incomplete.")
Social Interaction
In Amsterdam, a 21-year-old prostitute is scantily clothed, exhibiting her attributes in a storefront, smiling at potential patrons as they walk by. Based on this mental image, which term best describes what is in progress?
Social Structure
The typical patterns of a group, such as its usual relationships between men and women or students and teachers.
Dr. Zalewski has created a strong sense of social structure in her classroom.
Dr. Zalewski expects her students to be on time for class, holds them for the entire class period, and has firm deadlines set for reports and other assignments.
Social Class
John and Doug are both full professors in a state university, holding doctorate degrees from Ivy League schools. Both make about the same salary and enjoy a similar sense of prestige in the community and on campus. They have this in common:
Master Status
A position in society that cuts across other statuses a person holds, such as being a high-ranking Army officer, a college president, or a handicapped Olympian, would be considered that person's:
The social institution that is most recognized for allocating power, determining authority, and preventing chaos.
Generalized Others
What term would Mead use to refer to the norms, values, attitudes, and expectations of the public?
Social Mirror
A young woman is contemplating a particular behavior, in this case dropping out of college. She is also considering an awareness of the self in relationship to others to avoid feelings of shame and embarrassment. This is referred to as her:
Officer Friel is experiencing role conflict.
Officer Friel has just pulled over a motorist exceeding the speed limit by 40 miles per hour. When he approached the vehicle, he recognizes the driver as his best friend's daughter. Officer Friel is aware that the young lady has some money problems and the last thing she can afford is a $200 speeding ticket that will also raise her insurance rates. At this point, what is the BEST way to describe the position facing Officer Friel?
Thomas theorem
If people define situations as real, they are real in their consequences. This classic statement is known as the: