before the fact
The doctrine of prior restraint prevents the government from prohibiting speech or publication _____.
a government that permits other forms of killing animals may not ban sacrifices
Describe the reasoning used in Church of the Lukumi Babalu Aye, Inc v. City of Hialeah, in which the court overturned a city ordinance prohibiting the ritual killing of animals.
international calls and e-mails
The 2008 amendments to the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act allow government officials to use broad warrants for surveillance of _____.
right to privacy
Which right has the Supreme Court found to be one of the penumbra of unstated liberties linked to explicitly stated rights?
Opponents of the death penalty have argued that it violates which amendment to the constitution?
When a defendant in a criminal case agrees to plead guilty in exchange for concessions from the prosecutor, the case has been resolved by _____.
The supreme court briefly outlawed which law in the 1970s by asserting that it was being imposed in an arbitrary manner?
Gitlow v. New York, in which the supreme court held that freedom of speech and of the press are fundamental liberties protected by the 14th amendment from impairment by the states, began the development of the doctrine of _______.
federal; state and local
In Barron v. Baltimore, the supreme court held that the bill of rights limits _____, not _____, action.
In recent years, the supreme court has struggles to address ______ on the Internet in a first amendment context.
creates a clear and present danger
During WW1, the supreme court upheld the conviction of Charles T. Schenck, ruling that government can limit speech that ______.
the state could not exercise any control over it
According to Roe v. Wade, what could the state do if a woman wanted to obtain an abortion in her first trimester?
Which clause states that Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion?
The free exercise clause guarantees that the national government will not interfere with _____.
New York Times Co. v. Sullivan held that there must be proof of what in order to find libel against a public figure?
Roe v. Wade
Which US supreme court case found that a woman's right to have an abortion is protected by the implied constitutional right to privacy?
Prohibiting a newspaper from publishing a story critical of the government is an example of what kind of law?
In Dennis v. US, when the supreme court upheld prison sentences based on the Smith Act of 1940, the Court was addressing which type of speech?
clear and present danger
Yelling "Fire!" in a crowded theater is a classic example of speech that creates a ______.
An early effort to define ______ focused on whether the material had any serious literary, artistic, political, or scientific value.
Prior restraint is a constitutional doctrine that prevents the government from prohibiting speech or publication _____ the fact.
In recent years, the supreme court has ____ constraints on aid to parochial schools and voucher programs.
The supreme court has made most of the provisions in the bill of rights applicable to the states using the ____ doctrine.
The supreme court has interpreted the second amendment to protest an individual's rights to own ______.
The 14th amendment suggests that the protections in the bill of rights could be interpreted as applying the the states.
In Abington School District v. Schempp, the court rules that state-mandated bible readings were constitutional under the free exercise clause.
Americans are more tolerant of the free speech rights of religious extremists that are the people in other democracies with developed economies.
After Gideon v. Wainwright, the 6th amendment has been interpreted to guarantee a right to counsel to all criminal defendants regardless on indigence.
Planned Parenthood v. Casey held that a state court could limit abortions as long as the regulation did not pose an undue burden on pregnant women.
The free exercise clause guarantees that the government will not interfere with the practice of religion.