Morality: chapters 2 and 3
Terms in this set (61)
as used in the beatitudes, it means "bliss"-- a reference to the ultimate happiness of Heaven
human appetites or desires remain disordered due to the temporal consequences of Original Sin. This remains even after Baptism and constitutes an inclination to sin. This term is often used to refer to desire resulting from strong sensual urges or attachments to created things.
the quality of being guilty or deserving punishment for participation in sin
the premeditation or forethought that weights one's options before making a moral act.
judgement of conscience that occurs when there is doubt about the good or evil of an act done or omitted. Unless one is required to act immediately, the person is require to determine the moral rectitude of an act before acting on a _______________.
that which opposes to the moral law and thus entails sin.
prayerful self-reflection in one's words and deeds in light of the gospel to determine how one has sinned against God. This is necessary to prepare for the Sacrament of Penance.
Examination of Conscience
the power to act freely in the pursuit of human perfection.
freedom of exellence
the clear and deliberate knowledge of the merit or sinfulness of an action. It is required as a condition before a person can be guilty of a sin.
an act that is performed with both knowledge and free will. Depending on the degree of knowledge and freedom involved in their commission, they are either morally good or morally evil.
the lack of knowledge
the attribution of a secondary effect that follows as a natural result from the primary effect
ignorance that cannot be overcome by ordinary diligence. The guilt of a sin committed under invincible ignorance is not imputed to the sinner. This ignorance can be a lack of knowledge, either fact or of law, scarcity of evidence, insufficient time or talent in a person, or some other factor
any human act that has a moral content and involves deliberation an choice
knowledge that is incomplete due to the presence of some obstacle interfering with a moral judgement
the ability to discern the most suitable and moral course of action
the demand for an account of one's acts; it includes accepting the consequences of those acts.
moral standards that are not universal but are decided upon by the individuals involved
lack of knowledge for which a person is morally responsible due to lack of diligence
coercion or the application of an external force against a person's willl
The freedom to make choices is ____________________.
Free will is at the very _______ of the human person's exhalted place in creation.
Free will distinguishes us from ____________.
Free will is misunderstood to be the ability to choose to do whatever one wants. It is the ability to have the freedom to do what one ____________.
Freedom of excellence is defined as the power to act _______ in the pursuit of freedom perfection and everlasting joy.
The moral law ___________ freedom, rather than limiting it.
Freedom requires every person to be __________ for his or her actions.
Through a well-formed___________, and making the necessary effort to know the truth, each person has the capacity to discover God's will within his or her own heart.
Every human person must face ________ decisions.
Every human person has the necessary ________________ to make moral decisions.
Every human person is morally _________ for his or her own moral acts.
We as ____________ are held to a higher standard of moral behavior bc we are presumed to be more fully aware of what the moral law entails.
Bc we as humans have an innate grasp of at least some standard of correct behavior we are _________ for our actions.
The _________ and ________ in a moral act is determined in part by knowledge.
Improper use of freedom leads to _________ and ___________________.
Freedom must be ____________.
Human freedom is ordered toward ________.
Grace does not ________ our freedom, but helps us to see the truth more clearly.
The moral law enhances _________.
____________ is a practical judgement of right reason made by the intellect regarding the good or evil of a particular act in light of objective moral standards.
Conscience is addressed in: ____________ and _________.
divine revelation; human experiences
The exercise of moral conscience is more than an _____________; it is also a right.
Conscience is not an ____________ gift. There is always the possibility of error in one's judgement.
Law is an ___________ or reason.
Laws exist for the _______ good.
God's wisdom as manifested in the nature of acts and movements.
It is "the rational creature's participation in the eternal law." Or more simply, it is the eternal law as it applies to human life.
The law as revealed by God. It is found in the Old Law of the Old Testament and finds fulfillment in the New Law.
it is the law that governs the Church in the organization of the hierarchy, in liturgical and penitential practices and other matters.
Ecclesiastical Law (cannon law)
consists of laws enacted by civil governments for the common good of a particular sector of society or and entire country.
__________________ taught that for laws to be just or even valid, they must reflect some aspect of the natural law articulated by the 10 commandments. Civl law that is in contradiction to the natural law is not even considered a valid law.
St. Thomas Aquinas
All civl laws that meet the prerequisite of being derived from the facet of the 10 commandments are _________ and must be obeyed.
A just civil law must promote the __________ good.
A just civil law must reflect an "_________ of proportion".
All _________ comes from God.
Bc civil law, to be valid, must be based on Divine Law, a rue conscience is rooted in the laws of God, there should be no conflicts between _________ and the ________ law.
There are 3 elements that make up a moral decision:
1) the object or the act itself
2) the end in view, or the intention of the act
3) the circumstances of the act
the decision to carry out an action which, as a consequence, has unintended bad results may be made only when the good effect cannot be reasonably brought about in any other way and when certain conditions have been met.
principle of double effect
an ethical theory that derives good and evil from the circumstances that accompany the acting agent
an ethical system that determines good or evil based on the consequences that follow an act
an ethical system that assigns the moral value of an act from the proportion of good and evil effects.