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Psych of Gender
Exam 1 Terms
Terms in this set (47)
Some essence, or underlying biological component makes men and women different.
Few important differences between men and women.
Large, fundamental differences, also believe in essentialism.
Interested in "generalized adult mind"; any individual differences between minds of women/ men were not important.
School of psychology that emphasized how mind functions rather than it's structure.
Emphasized observable behavior rather than thought processes or instincts, emphasis on nurture.
Term used to describe research that concentrated on men and women historically.
Gathering information through evidence through senses.
Notion that observation is free of bias by observer.
Turning observations into numbers. "Quantitative Research"
Focuses on understanding complexity of situation rather than trying to reduce it to numbers.
Factor of interest in research study.
Descriptive Research Methods
Answer the "what" question, tells what exists and gives detail about relationships.
Answer the "why" questions with independent (manipulated) and dependent variables.
Non-experimental research design that involves comparison of subjects, placed in contrast groups on basis of pre-existing characteristic of subjects.
When researchers construct a questionnaire and choose a group of people to respond.
Determine both strength and types of relationships between variables.
Defining a variable in terms of observations used to obtain a variable.
Intensive study of a case of an individual or small group.
Where researcher becomes immersed in a situation in order to make observations and interpretations of the situation.
A discussion focused on a specific topic usually 6-8 people, no more than 12.
Emphasize subjective nature of all knowledge (including scientific).
A statement about the expected outcome of a study.
Development and use of a technical statistic.
Beliefs about psychological traits and characteristic of men and women.
Having characteristics associated with both masculinity and feminity.
A negative evaluation of an entire group.
Behavior that holds people apart from others and results in different treatment.
Erroneous perception of covariation between two events when no correlation exists or correlation is not as strong as it appears.
People with underlying components to their attitudes that they may not know about consciously.
When people feel threatened when they believe their performance will identify them as examples of group negative stereotype.
Positive attitudes that nonetheless belittle women and keep them subservent.
Substances released from endocrine glands that circulate throughout body in bloodstream.
Relate to reproduction and differences between the sexes.
Result of development that begins with conception and ends at puberty, resulting in men/women being capable of reproduction.
Consists of internal structures related to reproduction (ovaries, fallopian tubes, uterus, upper vagina, testes, prostate, seminal vesicles, vas deferens).
Clitoris, labia, vaginal opening, penis, scrotum.
Sexually Dimorphic Nucleus
Larger in rates (male) and in men in general, function not understood.
Spinal Nucleus of Bulbocavernosus
25% larger in men than women, neurons aid in ejaculation of sperm and constrict opening of vagina in women.
Socially significant activities that men/ women engage in with different frequencies.
How individuals come to identify themselves as male and female.
Cognitive structure, network of associations that organize/ guides individuals perception.
Children with a dissatisfaction with their biological sex.
Identifying and accepting the self as male or female.
Two components- gender stability (knowledge that gender is a stable personal characteristic) and gender consistency (belief that people retain their gender even when they adopt behaviors/ superficial physical features associated with other gender).
A mixture of actual information with phony details blended into a realistic portrayal that is really fiction.
Gender dysphoric individuals who are treated with hormones and surgical sexual reassignment.
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