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Mr. Wall WWII Study Guide
Terms in this set (28)
The military's fear that Japanese-Americans would engage in sabotage caused what reaction by the American government?
Japanese Americans were put in interment camps
What was the number one priority of the Allies in World War II?
Protecting shipping from U-boats
What battle shifted the entire balance of the war in the Pacific?
Battle of Midway
What is a kamikaze?
Suicide plane attacks
Planting victory gardens, dealing with wartime rations and buying war bonds were all ways what group of people could participate in the war effort?
What decision did the Allies make at the Yalta Conference?
To split Germany into four zones
Truman wanted to avoid a bloody invasion of Japan by using what?
What was the result of Hitler's suicide?
Germany surrenders- enters the war in Europe
What was the significance of the bombing of Nagasaki?
Why did the Allies use the convoy system?
protect ships from German U-boats (submarines)
Who was Erwin Rommel?
German commander of the Africa Korps
known as "Desert Fox"
The Operation to drive the Germans out of France was called what?
Why was the Tuskegee Airmen unit formed?
To train African American pilots
What battle represented the first Allied victory over Japanese forces?
Battle of Coral Sea
What two battles emphasized the Japanese resolve to fight to the last man?
Okinawa and Iwo Jima
What was Hollywood's stance on the war?
Made propaganda films to build public support for war
What was the importance of the invasion of Sicily?
allied invasion of the soft underbelly of fortress Europe; took it as a launch to invade Italy
What was the significance of the Battle of Stalingrad?
turning point of the war in the East
How did the Americans and the Japanese react to Pearl Harbor?
US- angered, unified
Which nation worked to rebuild Europe and Japan after World War II?
What was the name of the last chance attack of the Germans in December 1944?
Battle of the Bulge
American and Filipino soldiers were forced to march or be beaten by the Japanese during which event?
Bataan Death March
What was the significance of the Navajo Code talkers?
Developed a code the Japanese were never able to break
Describe American government spending during the depression and later during the war.
Depression- social programs, giving people money (people back to work)
During War- tanks, airplanes, producing things
shift from domestic spending to war funds
Who was Dwight Eisenhower?
Supreme Allied commander of Operation Overload
How did American support the war effort?
bought war bonds
scrap metal drives
joined the military
women worked in the factories
How was Germany treated after the war?
Divided into 4 zones, but eventually were helped in the rebuilding process (give reasons why)
captured Nazis and put them on trial
What actions did the international community take to deal with the actions of the Nazis during the war?
Trials for crimes against humanity; setting the principle that we are responsible for actions
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