AP Human Geography Chapter 9- Urban Geography
Terms in this set (55)
Central Business District (CBD)
the downtown heart of a central city, marked by high land values, a concentration of business and commerce, and the clustering of the tallest buildings
The possibility of change that results from people living together in cities
Built up space of central cities and suburbs
A mass of people and buildings clustered together to serve as a center of politics, culture, and economics
small village where everyone was involved in agriculture
Produce more food than the city needs
People who controlled resources into the city
The differentiation of society into class based on wealth, power, production, and perspective.
First Urban Revolution
The first formation of urbanization (the 6 hearths)
Located between Tigris and Euphrates River
Urban Elite controlled palaces
Rulers-Priests and Kings
Protected by a Mud Wall
Nile River Valley
Rulers- People with slaves
Forced people to make pyramids and the sphinx
Indus River Valley
Diffused from fertile crescent
Same size houses
Huang He/ Yangtze River Valley
Centered on structure in middle
Temples, palaces for leadership class
Built in San Lorenzo
Largest Settlement was 10,580 feet in the andrean highlands
How different areas of a city serve different purposes
The first place that a primary hearth diffuses too
High point of a city
The study of physical form and structure layout of urban places
Main area of commercial activities (business)
Acropolis + Forum (Focal Point of Roman Life)
Main Business area
Rank Size Rule
the idea that the population of a city or town will be inversely proportional to its rank in the hierarchy
Ex: The largest city has 12 million people, the second 6 million, the 3rd 4 million etc.
Mark Jefferson said primate city is a countries leading city
Central Place Theory
How and where central places in urban hierarchy would be functionally and spatially distributed
Central Place Theory Assumptions
1. Ideal region is flat with no physical barriers
2. Soil fertility would be the same everywhere
3. Population and purchasing power would be evenly distributed
4. Uniform transportation network to permit travel from one place to another
5. From any place a good could get sold in all directions
Area of a city with relatively uniform land use
Ex: Industrial Zone
Urban Area that is not suburban (older city as opposed to new suburbs)
Outlying, functionally uniform part of an urban area, often adjacent to the central city
Lands outside a urban environment become urbanized
Concentric Zone Model
Basic Layout of a city
Not a perfect circle, more like a pie
Suburban downtowns developed mainly around big regional shopping centers
Unplanned developments of crude dwellings and shelters made mostly of scrap
Poorest Part of a City
Define areas of a city and designate the kind of development allowed in each zone
Real estate practice that minority groups are prevented from obtaining money to purchase homes in white neighborhoods
Effects: Poor Neighborhoods would become extremely run down
Real estate agents telling white families to move from their homes because a black person or family moved in
Effects: A lot of white people sold their homes and gave real estate agents a big profit
Creating a CBD into a big tourist attraction
Effects: Attracts a lot of business
Rehabilitation of houses in older neighborhoods
Effects: Attracts more childless couples
Unrestricted growth of housing, commercial developments, and roads over large expanses of land
Ex: Just driving down I-94 and seeing all shops and strip malls all over the place
Development, Urban revitalization, making it so you can do your daily things in a walking distance
Ex: Seaside Florida (built the town by themselves so it was like this)
Big suburban homes that replaces teardowns
Suburban homes meant for demolition; the intention is to replace them with McMansions
The economy that is not taxed or counted towards a family's Gross National Income.
The division of a city into different regions or zones for certain purposes or functions.
Sun Belt phenomenon
The movement of millions of Americans from northern and northeastern States to the South and Southwest regions of the USA.
cities with 10 million or more residents
Developed by geographers Griffin and Ford. A model of the Latin America city showing a blend of traditional elements of Latin American culture with the forces of globalization that are reshaping the urban scene.
T.G. McGee, A model showing similar land-use patterns among the medium-sized cities of Southeast Asia.
Restricted neighborhoods or subdivisions, often literally fenced in, where entry is limited to residents and their guests. Began for the high-income based, now more of a middle-class phenomenon.
Dominant city in terms of its role in the global political economy. Not the world's biggest city in terms of population or industrial output, but rather centers of strategic control of the world economy
Spaces of consumption
Areas of a city, the main purpose of which is to encourage people to consume goods and services; driven primarily by the global media industry.
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