Types of Law
Terms in this set (...)
Code of Hammurabi
__________ - a written code of rules that guided the ancient society of Babylon; dates back to 1772 B.C.
__________ - the right of people to have laws and rules that treat them fairly, so that they cannot lose their life, freedom, or property without having their legal rights protected.
__________ - a government document that limited the power of the king of England and protected the rights of the nobility; written by the English nobles in 1215.
__________ - law established based on the outcome of former court cases.
__________ - law based on customs and prior legal decisions; used in civil cases.
__________ - law that focuses on interpreting the U.S. Constitution.
__________ - a court decision in an earlier case with facts and legal issues similar to those in a case currently before a court.
__________ - a rule that a government agency makes to enforce a law.
__________ - laws passed by Congress or a state legislature.
__________ - the clause that states that the U.S. Constitution is the supreme law of the land, and that national laws are supreme over state laws, found in Article VI (six).
__________ - law that deals with relationships between people (rather than relationships between people and the government).
__________ - law that deals with crimes and the punishments for those crimes.
__________ - law that deals with people who are under the age of 18.
__________ - laws that apply only to people in the military.
__________ - a law passed at the state level.
__________ - In all criminal prosecutions, the accused shall enjoy the right to . . . have the assistance of counsel for his defence.
Gideon v. Wainwright (1963)
Which Supreme Court case ruled that defendants have a right to an attorney, even if they could not pay for one?
__________ are less serious crimes: traffic violations, petty theft, trespassing, vandalism, etc.
__________ are more serious crimes: kidnapping, armed robbery, murder, etc.
The Uniform Code of Military Justice forms the basis of _________ law.
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