Medieval Sacred Music History
Terms in this set (32)
Hurrian Hymn No. 6
the world's oldest melody.
Epitaph of Seikilos
the world's oldest song to survive in its entirety.
papyrus found containing music for a play by Euripides in dochmaic foot
a rhythmic pattern that expresses extreme agitation or distress.
Guido of Arezzo
A Benedictine monk who devised the first true system of staff notation, based on a 4-line staff; red and yellow lines
a mnemonic device to help early singers sight read chant
Method of assigning a syllabic name to each tone of the scale
Hymn to St. John
song used by Guido to assign the solfeggio to the Guidonian Hand; Ut, Re, Mi, Fa, Sol, and La
Ite Missa Est
Go, you are dismissed from the Mass
Proper of the Mass
texts change with the high Holy days of the church calendar; names from function of the mass (Introit)
Ordinary of the Mass
texts stay the same from day to day; names from first words (Kyrie)
aka. Office; 8 services celebrated throughout the day; includes matins, vespers and compline
Direct manner of performance
without alteration (priest chanting to congregation)
Responsorial manner of performance
soloist alternates with a larger group (priest sings and chorus sings back)
Antiphonal manner of performance
two groups alternate singing (choir sings then congregation sings)
One note per syllable
2-4 notes per syllable
many notes per syllable; highest form of music in church
scales used for music during the Medieval period; Ionian, Dorian, Phrygian, Lydian, Mixolydian, Locrian
earliest from of polyphony
Tri-Tone or diminished 5th or Augmented 4th; illegal to write in early music
adding a voice to a chant that travels in successive 5ths with the chant, avoiding the Devil's Chord.
advancement in composition allowing a voice to travel both in parallel movement but also oblique movement to help avoid the Devil's Chord.
advancement in composition allowing a voice to travel in parallel movement, oblique movement, contrary motion and similar motion to help avoid the Devil's Chord.
the original chant is now located in the lowest voice and holds the chant in long notes; the upper voice moves freely using many melismas to embellish.
Polyphonic sacred vocal composition; 3 or more voices; Notre Dame School
Founder of the first school of composers at Notre Dame in Paris c. 1175 AD.
Leonin's student who introduces 3 and 4 parts to the standard 2-part organum c. 1200-1225.
Magnus Libre Organum
Great Big Book of Organum written by Leonin
Hildegard von Bingen
first female composer; 26 visions; tithed to church; all monophonic, composed "Ordo Virutem"
Play of the Virtues
Morality play written by Hildegard; Devil played by local priest; all other parts played by women
A play that teaches a lesson. Virtues and vices are personified