Terms in this set (36)
Term created by Winston Churchill to describe the line between communist Eastern and non-communist Western Europe.
Response to the Soviet blockade of West Berlin, Allies flew food and other supplies into West Berlin
Why did East Germany have a lower standard of living than West Germany?
Because it was a communist country, East Germany had fewer consumer goods.
Why was the Berlin Wall built?
to prevent people in communist East Germany from leaving (defecting)
Who became the Communist Leader of China?
What happened during China's Great Leap Forward?
Privately owned farms were seized to collectivize farms (government run); a rapid shift from farming to industry; many peasants were taken from farms and forced to work in factories
What happened due to China's Great Leap Forward?
Food shortages occurred and China produced low quality goods
Chairman Mao's effort to increase control over China and create a more "pure" communist state
North and South Korea were divided at the ____________.
Communist Leader of Viet Nam
Ho Chi Minh
US Theory that, if one Asian nation fell to communism, the rest of the region would become communist
1st man-made Soviet launched into space
What country put the first man on the moon?
The United States
What US President challenged the USSR to an arms race?
What did both the US and the USSR fear?
Why did the Soviet Union set up Communist governments in Eastern Europe?
to create a buffer and discourage a German or other invasion
Why did the United States send troops to Korea?
To contain communism
Who was the communist leader of Cuba?
Which country supported Cuba during the Cold War?
The Soviet Union
When US spy planes discovered Soviet missiles being built in Cuba, US President Kennedy saw this as a huge threat to US military security and demanded that the Soviets remove the missiles.
Cuban Missile Crisis
Nuclear War was avoided during the Cuban Missile Crisis when Soviet leader Nikita Khrushchev agreed to remove the missiles if the US would not
Who was the first person to lead Russia after the breakup of the Soviet Union?
restructuring of the Soviet political and economic system in the 1980s
Openness or new freedom that allowed Soviet citizens to speak without fear of punishment and to know what the government was doing
Order of Cold War Events
Anti-communism revolutions begin in Eastern Europe
The fall of the Berlin Wall
Germany is unified under a democratic government
The Soviet Union breaks apart
Rise of Nationalism
A country's people with a common culture that desired to have a strong, unified country
When a powerful nation takes control of the economy and government of a weaker nation
Economic motives of imperialism
raw materials to be used in factories in the mother country; markets to sell goods; favorable balance of trade (more exports than imports)
Race of European countries to claim land in Africa
Scramble for Africa
Rebellion that led to direct rule in India under Great Britain
The Society of Righteous and Harmonious Fists (Boxers), rebelled in 1900, attacking foreigners . What happened?
The rebellion was a failure and China lost more land to foreigners and became more westernized
Only successful slave revolt in history under the leadership of Toussaint L'Ouverture
Father of the Mexican Revolution
Creole General that led the Independence Movements in South America
What did the creation of the National Assembly and the Tennis Court oath do?
Marked the end of absolute monarchy and the start of representative government in France.
Declaration of the Rights of Man
Constitution of France written by Marquis de Lafayette; listed the rights of citizens; state the government received power from the people, not the king.