23 terms

World Wars & Depression Vocab

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Lusitania
British passenger ship that was sunk by the Germans in 1915. Over 100 Americans were killed; the sinking of the Lusitania contributed to America entering World War I.
Stock Market Crash of 1929
a factor that led to the Great Depression. A major stock market collapse that led to investors losing over 40 billion dollars.
Zimmerman Telegram
telegraph sent from Germany to Mexico offering the country the opportunity for an alliance. Germany urged Mexico to attack the United States in return for territory lost during the Mexican-American War.
Boll Weevil
insect whose larvae feed on cotton crops; decimated cotton production in the southeastern United States.
Bank Failures
one of the factors that led to the Great Depression; when a bank ran out of reserves to pay customers who wanted to withdraw their deposits.
Drought of 1924
one of the worst droughts in Georgia's history; led to a depression in the state that predated the Great Depression.
overproduction
a factor that led to the Great Depression; farmers continued to produce record numbers of crop yield though the demand for agricultural products was limited; this drove the cost of these products down.
Eugene Talmadge
four time Georgia governor that fought against Roosevelt's New Deal policies.
Franklin D. Roosevelt
commonly known as FDR, was an American statesman and political leader who served as the 32nd President of the United States from 1933 until his death at Warm Springs, Georgia in 1945; visited Georgia more than 40 times for his treatment of polio at Warm Springs.
Warm Springs
Georgia city that was home to Roosevelt's "Little White House;" site's warm water mineral springs were used as a rehabilitation center for polio victims.
Agricultural Adjustment Act (AAA)
a New Deal program that paid farmers a stipend not to grow crops in order to increase the price of agricultural products.
Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC)
a New Deal program that hired unemployed young men to work on public works projects.
New Deal
name given to a series of federal programs spearheaded by President Franklin Roosevelt in order to help the nation recover from the Great Depression.
Rural Electrification Act (REA)
the New Deal program designed to build the capabilities to bring electricity to rural areas.
Social Security Act (SSA)
New Deal program that provided retirement and unemployment insurance for American taxpayers.
Lend-Lease Act
act that allowed the U.S. government to send billions of dollars in supplies and military equipment to allied countries in exchange for U.S. rights in their military bases.
Pearl Harbor
American Naval base in Hawaii; a surprise attack on the base by Japanese forces on December 7, 1941 resulted in the U.S. entering World War II.
World War Two (1939-1945)
The most destructive war in human history; America entered the war in 1941 after the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941.
Bell Bomber Plant
factory located in Marietta, Georgia, that produced B-29 bombers for the U.S. war effort.
Liberty Ships
U.S. cargo ships made during World War II. In all 187 of these ships were made in Georgia.
Savannah and Brunswick Ship Yards
Georgia's two deep water ports; during World War II, 187 Liberty Ships were constructed there.
Richard Russell
Georgia governor and influential long term U.S. Senator.
Carl Vinson
Georgia Congressman who was an advocate for a strong U.S. military; served 25 terms in the U.S. House of Representatives, making him the longest serving Congressmen in U.S. history.