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Level H Unit 10 Vocab
Terms in this set (20)
(n.) keenness of insight; quickness or accuracy of judgment.
Stars who enjoy long careers generally choose their roles with remarkable acumen.
SYN: perspicacity, shrewdness, acuity
ANT: ignorance, stupidity, obtuseness
(v.) to act as judge in a matter; to settle through the use of a judge or legal
An arbitrator may sometimes adjudicate a civil suit involving a relatively small sum of money.
SYN: arbitrate, referee, mediate
(n.) a chronological misplacing of events, objects, customs, or persons in regard to each other
To avoid introducing anachronisms into their work, authors of historical novels must do painstaking research.
SYN: chronological error
(adj.) of doubtful or questionable authenticity
Although his tales of youthful derring-do are probably apocryphal, they are very entertaining.
SYN: fictitious, mythical, spurious, bogus
ANT: authentic, genuine, true
(n.) a difference or inequality in age, rank, degree, amount, or quality; a
The growing disparity between the rich and the poor is a matter of grave concern.
SYN: discrepancy, incongruity
ANT: similarity, likeness, congruity
(v.) to hide or disguise one's true thoughts, feelings, or intentions.
In awkward social situations, it is sometimes more courteous to dissimulate than to be straightforward.
SYN: pretend, misrepresent
(adj.) derived from, dependent upon, or guided by practical experience, observation, or experiment, rather than by theory; so verifiable
The compilation of empirical data is an essential part of sound scientific research.
SYN: observed, pragmatic
ANT: theoretical, hypothetical, conjectural
(adj.) highly elaborate or ornate; vividly colored; strikingly brilliant or bold.
We were dazzled by the flamboyant plumage of the birds in the tropical rain forest.
SYN: ostentatious, florid
ANT: staid, sedate, decorous, seemly, sober
(adj.) offensively insincere or excessive; disgusting, sickening
It is best to take the fulsome praise that appears in film previews with a grain of salt.
SYN: inordinate, repulsive
ANT: understated, muted, restrained, agreeable
(v.) to kill as a sacrifice, especially by fire; to destroy or renounce for the sake of another.
When the Aztecs took captives, they enslaved some and immolated others.
ANT: save, preserve
(adj.) extremely slight; incapable of being perceived by the senses or the mind.
When the two candidates agree on most issues, voters may find the differences between them imperceptible.
SYN: minimal, undetectable
ANT: conspicuous, noticeable, flagrant
(n.) a uniformed male servant; a servile follower.
A wealthy Victorian household generally included numerous maids, lackeys, and other domestics.
SYN: toady, flunky, hanger-on
ANT: lord, liege, boss
(n.) the contact or means of communication between groups; someone acting as such a contact; any close relationship; a thickening or binding agent used in cooking
Block associations serve as liaisons between neighborhoods and city governments.
SYN: intermediary, channel
(adj.) characterized by massiveness, solidness, and total uniformity.
The government buildings in the state's capital can best be described as monolithic in style.
SYN: undifferentiated, massive, dense
ANT: diversified, variform, multifarious
(n.) the most suitable or exact word or expression.
The erudite fil and theater critic always managed to find the mot juste to sum up her opinion.
ANT: misnomer, misusage, malapropism
(n.) a total rejection of existing laws; extreme radicalism.
Those who rebel against the restraints imposed by society might be attracted to nihilism.
(n.) a member of the ruling class; a person of high rank; (adj.) belonging to, befitting, or characteristic of such a person.
Though her origins were humble, she had the assurance and bearing of a patrician.
SYN: aristocrat, peer, highborn
ANT: commoner, plebeian
(v.) to make someone or something favorably inclined toward oneself; to conciliate, satisfy, or appease.
Many ancient peoples practiced rituals involving offerings and sacrifices to propitiate their gods.
ANT: alienate, provoke, annoy
(adv.) thus so; intentionally written so
When you see sic in a book, it is usually parenthetical, and it means that an obvious error was from an original text and thus to be left as is.
(v.) to redirect the energy of a biological or instinctive impulse into a higher
or more acceptable channel.
If we are to live in harmony with one another, we must learn to sublimate our aggressive impulses.