Level H Unit 10 Vocab

STUDY
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acumen
(n.) keenness of insight; quickness or accuracy of judgment.
Stars who enjoy long careers generally choose their roles with remarkable acumen.
SYN: perspicacity, shrewdness, acuity
ANT: ignorance, stupidity, obtuseness
adjudicate
(v.) to act as judge in a matter; to settle through the use of a judge or legal
tribunal.
An arbitrator may sometimes adjudicate a civil suit involving a relatively small sum of money.
SYN: arbitrate, referee, mediate
anachronism
(n.) a chronological misplacing of events, objects, customs, or persons in regard to each other
To avoid introducing anachronisms into their work, authors of historical novels must do painstaking research.
SYN: chronological error
apocryphal
(adj.) of doubtful or questionable authenticity
Although his tales of youthful derring-do are probably apocryphal, they are very entertaining.
SYN: fictitious, mythical, spurious, bogus
ANT: authentic, genuine, true
disparity
(n.) a difference or inequality in age, rank, degree, amount, or quality; a
dissimilarity, unlikeness.
The growing disparity between the rich and the poor is a matter of grave concern.
SYN: discrepancy, incongruity
ANT: similarity, likeness, congruity
dissimulate
(v.) to hide or disguise one's true thoughts, feelings, or intentions.
In awkward social situations, it is sometimes more courteous to dissimulate than to be straightforward.
SYN: pretend, misrepresent
ANT: reveal
empirical
(adj.) derived from, dependent upon, or guided by practical experience, observation, or experiment, rather than by theory; so verifiable
The compilation of empirical data is an essential part of sound scientific research.
SYN: observed, pragmatic
ANT: theoretical, hypothetical, conjectural
flamboyant
(adj.) highly elaborate or ornate; vividly colored; strikingly brilliant or bold.
We were dazzled by the flamboyant plumage of the birds in the tropical rain forest.
SYN: ostentatious, florid
ANT: staid, sedate, decorous, seemly, sober
fulsome
(adj.) offensively insincere or excessive; disgusting, sickening
It is best to take the fulsome praise that appears in film previews with a grain of salt.
SYN: inordinate, repulsive
ANT: understated, muted, restrained, agreeable
immolate
(v.) to kill as a sacrifice, especially by fire; to destroy or renounce for the sake of another.
When the Aztecs took captives, they enslaved some and immolated others.
SYN: kill
ANT: save, preserve
imperceptible
(adj.) extremely slight; incapable of being perceived by the senses or the mind.
When the two candidates agree on most issues, voters may find the differences between them imperceptible.
SYN: minimal, undetectable
ANT: conspicuous, noticeable, flagrant
lackey
(n.) a uniformed male servant; a servile follower.
A wealthy Victorian household generally included numerous maids, lackeys, and other domestics.
SYN: toady, flunky, hanger-on
ANT: lord, liege, boss
liaison
(n.) the contact or means of communication between groups; someone acting as such a contact; any close relationship; a thickening or binding agent used in cooking
Block associations serve as liaisons between neighborhoods and city governments.
SYN: intermediary, channel
monolithic
(adj.) characterized by massiveness, solidness, and total uniformity.
The government buildings in the state's capital can best be described as monolithic in style.
SYN: undifferentiated, massive, dense
ANT: diversified, variform, multifarious
mot juste
(n.) the most suitable or exact word or expression.
The erudite fil and theater critic always managed to find the mot juste to sum up her opinion.
ANT: misnomer, misusage, malapropism
nihilism
(n.) a total rejection of existing laws; extreme radicalism.
Those who rebel against the restraints imposed by society might be attracted to nihilism.
ANT: conservatism
patrician
(n.) a member of the ruling class; a person of high rank; (adj.) belonging to, befitting, or characteristic of such a person.
Though her origins were humble, she had the assurance and bearing of a patrician.
SYN: aristocrat, peer, highborn
ANT: commoner, plebeian
propitiate
(v.) to make someone or something favorably inclined toward oneself; to conciliate, satisfy, or appease.
Many ancient peoples practiced rituals involving offerings and sacrifices to propitiate their gods.
SYN: mollify
ANT: alienate, provoke, annoy
sic
(adv.) thus so; intentionally written so
When you see sic in a book, it is usually parenthetical, and it means that an obvious error was from an original text and thus to be left as is.
sublimate
(v.) to redirect the energy of a biological or instinctive impulse into a higher
or more acceptable channel.
If we are to live in harmony with one another, we must learn to sublimate our aggressive impulses.
SYN: elevate
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