Psychology

STUDY
PLAY
Preconventional morality
One of Kahlbergs levels of moral development; to obey either to avoid punishment or to gain concrete awards (up to age 9)
Conventional morality
One of Kahlbergs levels of moral development; cares for others and upholds laws and social rules simply because they are the laws and rules (adolescence)
Postconventional morality
One of Kahlbergs levels of moral development; affirms people's agreed-upon rights or follows what one personally perceives as basic ethical principles (adulthood)
Trust v. Mistrust
Infant to 18 months, one of Erikson's stages of psycho-social development; infant must learn to trust the caregivers around them.
Autonomy v. Shame & Doubt
18 months to 3 years, one of Erikson's stages of psycho-social development; the stage where kids start to learn to do things themselves, feel ashamed when other peers are able to do those tasks.
Initiative v. Guilt
3 years to 5 years, one of Erikson's stages of psycho-social development; stage where a child tries to take initiative but also feels guilt by trying to take initiative.
Industry v. Inferiority
5 years to 13 years, one of Erikson's stages of psycho-social development; kids basically sort out whether they're a leader or an inferior.
Identity v. Role Confusion
13 years to 21 years, one of Erikson's stages of psycho-social development; the stage where teens try to find their identity and express it.
Intimacy v. Isolation
21 years to 39 years, one of Erikson's stages of psycho-social development; stage where adults struggle with being social.
Generativity v. Stagnation
40 years to 65 years, one of Erikson's stages of psycho-social development; midlife crisis stage, what am I doing with life stage.
Ego Integrity v. Despair
65 years to death, one of Erikson's stages of psycho-social development; when old people struggle to find meaning with the life they've lived
Authoritarian parents
One of Baurindi's parenting styles; extremely strict, kids will have less social skills, kids rarely make decisions for themselves.
Authoritative parents
One of Baurindi's parenting styles; they are demanding but responsive; they enforce rules, but explain the importance of rules and sometimes values the input of the child.
Permissive parents
One of Baurindi's parenting styles; dismissive of their children, let children make their own decisions.
Secure Attachment
One of Amsowrth's attachment styles, child trusts the parent is not afraid to seek attachment figures in times of distress
Insecure Avoidant
One of Amsowrth's attachment styles, child seeks no attachment figure in any situation.
Insecure Ambivalent/Resistant
One of Amsowrth's attachment styles, kid will sometimes display clingy attachment behavior but then will push the adult away when they try to interact.
Sensorimotor stage
in Piaget's theory, the stage (from birth to about 2 years of age) during which infants know the world mostly in terms of their sensory impressions and motor activities.
Preoperational stage
in Piaget's theory, the stage (from about 2 to 6 or 7 years of age) during which a child learns to use language but does not yet comprehend the mental operations of concrete logic.
Concrete operational stage
in Piaget's theory, the stage of cognitive development (from about 6 or 7 to 11 years of age) during which children gain the mental operations that enable them to think logically about concrete events.
Formal operational stage
in Piaget's theory, the stage of cognitive development (normally beginning about age 12) during which people begin to think logically about abstract concepts.
Critical Period
an optimal period shortly after birth when an organism's exposure to certain stimuli or experiences produces proper development.
Maturation
biological growth processes that enable orderly changes in behavior, relatively uninfluenced by experience.
Rooting reflex
a baby's tendency, when touched on the cheek, to turn toward the touch, open the mouth, and search for the source of nourishment.
Environment
every non genetic influence, from prenatal nutrition to the the people, and things around us.
Behavoir genetics
the study of the relative power and limits of genetic and environmental influences on behavior
YOU MIGHT ALSO LIKE...