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All Science Quiz Bones 1

All info for quiz on 9/14/10
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ligament
strong connective tissue that holds bones together in movable joints
tendon
strong connective tissue that attaches muscle to bone
cartilage
a connective tissue that is more flexible than bone and that protects the ends of bones and keeps them from rubbing together
marrow
the soft connective tissue that fills the internal spaces in bone
joint
a place in the body where two bones come together
hinge joint
this joint allows forward or backward motion (example: this joint allows you to bend and straighten your leg)
ball-and-socket joint
this joint allows the greatest range of motion (example: this joint allows you to swing your arm freely in a circle)
pivot joint
this joint allows one bone to rotate around another (example: this joint allows you to turn your head from side to side)
gliding joint
this joint allows one bone to slide over another (example: this joint in your wrist or ankle enables you to bend and flex as well as make limited side-t-side motions)
hinge joint, pivot joint, ball-and-socket joint, and the gliding joint
What types of joints are in the skeleton?
Bones consist of many minerals primarily phosphorus and calcium that keep them strong.
How are bones so strong?
Have a good diet & exercise.
What are 2 ways to take care of your bones?
shape and support, stores minerals, allows your body to move, protects organs, and produces blood cells
List the five major functions of the skeleton.
backbone
What bones makes up the center of the skeleton?
vertebrae
What 26 small bones make up the backbone?
The muscles pull on the bones to make them move.
How does the skeleton help the body move?
the skull
What bone protects the brain?
blood cells
The long bones of the arms and legs make ___________________.
immovable and movable joints
What are the two types of joints?
skull
What bones are held together by immovable joints?
ligaments
The bones in movable joints are held together by strong connective tissues called ____________.
When your bones absorb the force of your weight.
When do bones cells form new bones tissue?
osteoporosis
A condition in which the body's bones become weak and break easily is called...