Terms in this set (42)
a grant of federal money to state and local governments to support social welfare programs
federal grants for specific purposes, such as building an airport
People who favor national action over action at the state and local levels
The clause in the Constitution (Article I, Section 8, Clause 1) that gives Congress the power to regulate all business activities that cross state lines or affect more than one state or other nations.
powers that are shared by both the federal and state governments
conditions of aid
Terms set by the national government that states must meet if they are to receive certain federal funds.
A political system in which the central government is relatively weak and member states retain considerable sovereignty.
A system of government in which powers and policy assignments are shared between states and the national government. They may also share costs, administration, and even blame for programs that work poorly.
the spread of power away from the center to local branches or governments
to reduce the power or control; decentralize.
the transfer of powers and responsibilities from the federal government to the states
The theory of state preeminence over local governments
A system of government in which both the states and the national government remain supreme within their own spheres, each responsible for some policies.
the part of the Constitution that permits Congress to make any laws "necessary and proper" to carrying out its powers
The powers explicitly given to Congress in the Constitution.
Powers the Constitution specifically grants to one of the branches of the national government
The legal process by which a fugitive from justice in one state is returned to that state
A requirement the federal government imposes as a condition for receiving federal funds
the idea of a federal organization of more or less self-governing units
The pattern of spending, taxing, and providing grants in the federal system; it is the cornerstone of the national government's relations with state and local governments.
Federal Categorical Grants distributed according to a formula specified in legislation or in administrative regulations
full faith and credit clause
Clause in the Constitution (Article IV, Section 1) requiring each state to recognize the civil judgments rendered by the courts of the other states and to accept their public records and acts as valid
Gibbons v. Ogden
steamboat case, state of NY tried to grant a private concern a monopoly of waterborne commerce between NY and NJ...developed interstate trade
Grants in aid
money given by the national government to the states
powers not specifically mentioned in the constitution
The powers of the national government in foreign affairs that the Supreme Court has declared do not depend on constitutional grants but rather grow out of the very existence of the national government
The workings of the federal system- the entire set of interactions among national, state, and local governments
An agreement among two or more states. Congress must approve most such agreements.
McCulloch v. Maryland
Maryland was trying to tax the national bank and Supreme Court ruled that federal law was stronger than the state law
Constitutional doctrine that whenever conflict occurs between the constitutionally authorized actions of the national government and those of a state or local government, the actions of the federal government prevail.
necessary and proper clause
Constitutional clause that gives congress the power to make all laws "necessary and proper" for executing its powers
rights of states to declare federal laws illegal
the right to purchase something in advance of others
privileges and immunities
States are prohibited from unreasonably discriminating against residents of other states (article 4)
distribution of part of the federal tax income to states and municipalities
second order devolution
A flow of power and responsibility from state to local governments
ability of a state to govern its territory free from control of its internal affairs by other states
the belief that an individual state may restrict federal authority
constitutional declaration (Article VI) that the Constitution and laws made under its provisions are the greatest law of the land
The powers not delegated to the United States by the Constitution, nor prohibited by it to the states, are reserved to the states respectively, or to the people.
third order devolution
The increased role of nonprofit organizations and private groups in policy implementation.
a centralized government in which all government powers belong to a single central agency