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Therapeutic Modalities Thermal Therapy Tissue Response
Terms in this set (51)
Acute Phase (Inflammation)
Cell Death from lack of oxygen, can last on average 1-4 days. Increase blood flow from vasodilation. Accumulation of fluids within injured area.
Repair Phase (Inflammation stops)
This is the "Healing phase" start application contrast of heat. Formation of scar tissue(adhesions)
Heat treatment unless swelling occurs, RICE after rehab. Early activity can extend healing process.
Therapeutic method or agent, such as ultra sound, electro therapy, cold therapy and heat therapy.
An agent that relieves pain without causing a complete loss of sensation(Tylenol, ice pack, icy hot, flex-all)
The rate of metabolism.
Elasticity of soft tissue
Condition or property of certain connective tissue(tendons), being flexible.
Cryotherapy (cold therapy)
Depending on the severity of an injury RICE may be used from day one to as long as 2 weeds after the injury.
Gel Pack, Ice pack, Ice towel, Ice cup, whirlpool or bucket, Cryo-cuff.
Advantage of whirlpool, bucket
Surrounds the entire area affected.
disadvantage of whirlpool, bucket
The only disadvantage would be that there is no elevation so you can't RICE.
Physiological effects of cold
cold does not reduce edema that is already present.
Muscle spasm, pain perception (analgesia), Blood flow (vasoconstriction), cold metabolic rate, elasticity of soft tissue.
The inflammatory phase and the metabolic rate of cells, which results in less damage to the tissue thus decreasing recovery time.
Special Considerations for cold therapy
Allergic to cold(rash, blisters), extended exposure can cause frostbite(no longer than 20-30 min)
Personal nerve at fibular head and ulnar nerve at elbow(loss of motor nerve)
Indicated after the inflammatory or acute phase of injury. Indicated for chronic injuries
Thermal therapy time
Apply for 15-20 minutes
Parabath, Hydrocoulator pack, Whirlpool, Warm moist towel, electric heat pack, Ultra sound.
Wax with minerals that allow for skin penetration to all for the heat to be transported even better.
This is the most common Heat modality
Heats up the body part, has to have a gel or water, uses sound waves to vibrate cells to increase their frictions which then causes the heat to increase.
Heat modalities decrease
Muscle spasm, joint stiffness.
Heat modalities increase
Cellular metabolism, blood flow(vasodilation), elasticity of tissue.
Never apply heat to
loss of sensation, acute injury decrease in arterial circulation, abdomen during pregnancy, open cuts or sores.
Combination of hot and cold , used in transition in between hot and cold to cause a mild temperature increase.
Contrast therapy can
be effective without increasing edema.
Contrast therapy treatment duration
Can last 15-20 min, start cold end cold
viral skin infection
short onset and duration
Long onset and duration
Fluid left in body tissue after the inflammation process
Caused by immobilization
Constriction of blood vessel
A fracture that is not in t a line
average length of cold therapy
Also known as cold therapy
Combination of hot and cold therapy
Heat therapy is also known as
Is the best modality because of how it conforms to the body and keeps the water moving so it is always the same temperature.
A fungal skin infection
Also known as tissue flexibility
The inflammation phase
Agent that relieves the pain
The dilation of blood vessel
is the process of the body burning energy
Ultra sound is used to
heat the body deep into the skin and even muscle and bone
Is injury to the muscle.