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psychology chapters 10,14,12,13
Terms in this set (60)
While studying in the library, Kayleigh became very hungry and went to a vending machine which was empty, and to the cafeteria which was closed. So she drove home and cooked herself a meal and ate it, satisfying her hunger. This food-seeking behavior was initiated by a bodily need with her search being sustained and directed to various food sources until her need was met. This illustrates
If you have been fasting for two days, but do not feel hungry, we would say that you have
a need for food but not a drive for food.
You have just eaten a large meal and feel extremely full. Then, the waiter tells you about their signature dessert, "Death by Chocolate." Your ordering of this dessert is best explained by
an incentive value
About ten minutes after Janice starts her 30-minute walk on the treadmill, she begins to perspire, which helps to cool her off. Her body's tendency to maintain normal body temperature is a function of
One might expect an ambassador forced to return on short notice to his or her native country to perform poorly because
circadian rhythms have been disrupted.
Your friend Janie keeps going on these "fad" diets and each time has gained back even more weight. You should warn her that radical diets may even raise the set point for fat, resulting in ___________ obesity.
Tanya's parents describe Tanya as the perfect daughter, considerate, obedient, and helpful. Recently, they have noticed that she has lost a considerable amount of weight, is obsessed with dieting and relentless exercise. Although her parents have told her that she has lost enough weight, Tanya still feels like she needs to lose more weight. From these observations, it appears that Tanya is suffering from
When Karen is feeling "down," she tends to binge on large amounts of junk food. Then, she either vomits or uses laxatives to rid herself of this food. Her family is unaware that Karen has an eating disorder because her weight is normal for her age. From these observations, it appears that Karen is suffering from
Abby is a college student, who enjoys taking challenging classes so that she can learn skills that will be helpful to her in the future. Although she has high A's in all of her courses, she strives to do the best she can on every test and assignment because it is important to her to meet her own standards of excellence. Abby has a high need for
Curtis' church group is going on a mission trip to a poverty-stricken country. Before establishing schools and churches, the missionaries known that they must first provide food, clean water, and medical care because, according to Maslow's hierarchy, this type of needs, which is proponent to all other needs, is the __________ needs.
Jasmine enjoys cooking and dreams of opening her own restaurant, while Jacob cooks at a local restaurant and dreams of the day he can save enough money to quit his job and go back to college. Regarding cooking,
Jasmine is exhibiting intrinsic motivation, while Jacob is exhibiting extrinsic motivation.
Students who study only material on which they are likely to be tested are illustrating
Which of the following theories of emotion would explain that the feelings occur after the bodily arousal, that is, you see a bear, you run, are aroused, and, lastly, you feel fear?
You are walking down a deserted alley late at night, and you hear a sudden noise to your left. The noise activates your thalamus, which in turn alerts both the cortex and the hypothalamus for action. Thus, your body is aroused for flight at the same time you experience the emotion of fear. This set of events is best described by which theory of emotion?
the Cannon-Bard theory
Jeanie tends to be comfortable in any situation and has the ability to make others feel the same way. She knows how to comfort her friends when they are feeling down, to encourage them in their struggles, and to share their joy when they succeed. Jeanie exhibits a great deal of
Eddie keeps seeing and feeling insects crawling all over his skin, although there are no insects crawling on him. The drug he took has caused him to experience these
Dan has bizarre, unconvincing delusions of persecution and grandeur as well as auditory hallucinations. He would most likely be diagnosed with
Oliver is inappropriately loud, elated, hyperactive, and energetic, while Margo is extremely sad, worthless, and guilt-ridden. Both are exhibiting symptoms of
a major mood disorder.
Calvin has been on a "pleasure binge" for the last three days. He has cleaned out his bank account spending the money on anything that gains his attention. He would be described as loud, elated, and hyperactive. A week ago he was feeling like a failure and was withdrawn and unhappy. Calvin would most likely be diagnosed with
Lowery has extreme feelings of failure and worthlessness and believes he is the most sinful person on earth and deserves to die. He has eaten little and rarely left his bed in the last several days. Lowery would be diagnosed with a __________ disorder.
For the last two years, Gloria has had some financial problems and has experienced continual feelings of stress, insecurity, and apprehension. Then, Gloria receives an unexpected inheritance that solves her financial problems, and she gets a promotion at work, but Gloria still feels apprehensive and uneasy. Gloria is most likely experiencing a(n)
Annabelle is in the grocery store when she notices her heart is racing, and she becomes very dizzy. She is shaking so that she is barely able to stand up, and she cannot seem to get enough air and begins to hyperventilate. Annabelle thinks that maybe she is having a heart attack or going insane. She was fine a few minutes ago. Annabelle is exhibiting symptoms of a(n)
panic disorder (without agoraphobia).
Allison is afraid of having a panic attack in a public place; therefore, she has refused to leave her home for the last three years unless a family member accompanies her. Allison is housebound due to a panic disorder with
Jarmin is a sports announcer who has an overwhelming fear of flying. He will spend hours or days driving from coast to coast for a job and has even turned down jobs because he could not get to that job on time by taking the train or by traveling by car. The few times he has tried to get on a plane, he became dizzy and sick to his stomach. Jarmin would be diagnosed with
a specific phobia
Each night as Leo gets in bed, he has these intrusive, unwanted thoughts that he left the stove on or the door unlocked. So, he gets up and checks, but once back in bed, he thinks that he might have accidently turned on the stove or unlocked the door while he was checking them and goes back to the kitchen again. Leo is suffering from a condition known as __________ disorder.
Jeremy is unable to recall who he is or where he lives. If Jeremy's only symptom is this loss of memory, and if he has not experienced any physical trauma to the brain, his amnesia would be considered a(n) __________ disorder.
Susan was unable to explain or remember her frequent escapades, strange clothing, or phone calls from people she claimed she did not know. While in a therapy session, Susan's demeanor changed and she became Jan, who stated that Susan was a bore and did not know anything. Susan's psychologist thinks that Susan may be suffering from
a dissociative identity disorder.
Edgar is experiencing severe back pain that has no identifiable physical cause. Edgar's pain disorder would be classified as a(n) __________ disorder.
Edgar constantly seeks attention from everyone, including strangers, by dramatizing his every emotion and action. Edgar would be described as having which type of personality disorder?
Paul is described as irresponsible, reckless, deceitful, and lacking a conscience. Which type of disorder is most likely involved?
antisocial personality disorder
When you tell a prospective employer that you are a high-achiever, gregarious, and occasionally brilliant, you are describing your
Erin is attending group sessions at the counseling center at her college, not to solve problems, but to enhance her personal growth. These sessions most likely follow which theoretical perspective?
If a person is cheerful and hopeful, the early Greeks would have said that the person had which temperament?
Jorge goes to a psychologist who will identify, classify, and analyze Jorge's stable enduring characteristics. Once these characteristics are identified and analyzed, they can be used to predict future behavior. This psychologist is utilizing the __________ approach.
Erica is described by those around her as cold, self-centered, and spiteful. Erica would score low on which dimension of the Big Five trait model?
Suppose the id were a hungry person in a crowded cafeteria. The id would most likely
push to the head of the line.
Suppose the ego were a hungry person in a crowded cafeteria. The ego would most likely
wait in line.
Suppose the superego were a hungry person in a crowded cafeteria. The superego would most likely
feel guilty about not letting other people go ahead of him or her in the line.
You studied the night before, and now have the test in your hands. You read the first question, which asks about "Freud's psychosexual stages." Although this information is now in your conscious level of awareness, this information resided in which level of consciousness before you read this question?
In an old movie, there were two friends who were always at odds with each other because one was compulsively neat and orderly, while his friend was extremely messy and disorganized. According to Freud, both men were fixated in the __________stage.
Phyllis tends to wear very revealing clothing, spends a great deal of time on her appearance, is constantly "fishing" for compliments, and is easily hurt if someone does not compliment her beauty and fashion sense on a daily basis. According to Freud, Phyllis was fixated at the
If Jonathan identifies with his father, Freud believed he was doing this because of his need to resolve the __________ conflict.
A person states that the reason people in some professions, such as teachers, lawyers, or doctors, seem so much alike is because their work requires that they act in particular ways. This person believes that the behavior of these professionals is strongly influenced by
At one time or another, you may have noticed that when you say, "I think people feel...," you may be expressing your own feelings. This is similar to which type of measure used in psychological assessment?
Your session with a clinical psychologist begins with her asking you describe what you see in a set of ambiguous pictures. This psychologist is using a(n)
Lifestyle diseases are of special interest to Dr. Cierro, who is a __________ psychologist.
Marian would be described as physically and psychologically healthy. She is happy, optimistic, and self-confident, and is able to bounce back emotionally from adversity. According to health psychologists, Marian is in a state of
Mitch has just found out that he will have three tests on the same day. His heart is racing, and he is experiencing a shortness of breath and feels a little sick to his stomach. Mitch is exhibiting signs of which stage of the general adaptation syndrome?
Carmen is more likely to experience powerful and uncomfortable stress reactions if she views a stressor as a
threat during primary appraisal.
Suppose a woman feels anxious as she steps to the podium to give a speech. If she does some deep breathing and glances over her notes to reduce her anxiety and improve her delivery she is using both
emotion-focused and problem-focused coping.
During times of economic hardship, there is an increase in hostility toward illegal immigrants. Psychologists would consider this situation to be an example of
At work, Walter feels overworked and unappreciated. He often imagines himself receiving a surprise visit from the CEO, who presents him with an award for his hard work and dedication to the company. Walter is using which defense mechanism?
Ronjela witnessed a horrific murder, but cannot seem to remember any of it no matter how hard she tries. Ronjela's inability to recall the event is most likely due to
Selma has no memory of being sexually abused as a child. Which defense mechanism is most likely at work in this situation?
Mary tends to see her own shortcomings, such as her bad temper, and her unacceptable aggressive impulses in others. She believes that others intentionally provoke her to anger, and that it is these other people who are the aggressors, not her. Mary is using which defense mechanism?
A professional athlete who attributes his or her poor performance to family responsibilities rather than admit poor preparation for the game is using
Lana is a sophomore in college. For the last couple of months, she has been persistently sad and anxious, has had difficulty concentrating and making decisions, and has lost interest in activities that she once found pleasurable. Lana
is experiencing depression.
If your doctor or therapist tells you that you must lower your LCU score, he or she is trying to directly help you with your
Marian's day never seems to end. She has to deal with carpooling, traffic delays, finding a parking place at her job, working through lunch, and then coming home to cook, clean, and help with homework. Marian has stated a number of
Aaron seems to chafe at the normal pace of events and hurries from one activity to another, racing the clock in self-imposed urgency. Aaron is most likely a
Type A personality.
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
test 2 continued
chapter 12 continued
Chapter 13 Health, Stress and Coping Gat…
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