52 terms

ss test 1

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sugar act
law passed by the british parliament setting taxes on molasses and sugar imported by the colonies
committees of correspondence
committees created in massachusetts in the 1760's to help towns and colonies share information about resisting the new british laws
boycott
to refuse to buy certain goods; method often used in protest movements
stamp act
law passed by parliament that raised tax money by requiring colonists to pay for an official stamp whenever they bought paper items such as newspapers, licenses, and legal documents
sons of liberty
secret societies formed in the mid-1700's by colonists to protest new taxes and to frighten tax collectors
repeal
to end or abolish
townshend acts
laws passed by parliament placing duties on certain items imported by the colonists
writs of assistance
special search warrants that allowed tax collectors to search for smuggled goods
daughters of liberty
women's groups that used boycotts and other measures to support the colonies' resistance to the british
propaganda
stories and images designed to support a particular point of view
boston massacre
incident in which british soldiers fired into a crowd of angry colonists, killing 5 people
tea act
law passed by parliament allowing the british east india company to sell its low-cost tea directly to the colonies, undermining colonial tea merchants; led to the boston tea party
boston tea party
protest against the tea act in which a group of colonists boarded british tea ships and dumped some 340 chests of tea into boston harbor
intolerable acts
a set of laws passed by parliament to punish the colonists for the boston tea party and to tighten government control of the colonies
first continental congress
meeting of colonial delegates in Philadelphia to decide how to respond to increased taxes and abuses of authority by the british government; delegates petitioned king george iii, listing the freedoms they believed colonists should enjoy
minutemen
american colonial militia members who were supposed to be ready to fight at a minute's notice
olive branch petition
peace request sent by the second continental congress to britain's king george iii, who rejected it
redcoats
british soldiers who fought against the colonists in the american revolution; so called because of their bright red uniforms
second continental congress
meeting of colonial delegates in philadelphia to decide how to react to the fighting at lexington and concord
continental army
army created by the second continental congress in 1775 to defend the american colonies from britain
siege
military blockade of a city or fort
battle of bunker hill
revolutionary war battle in boston that demonstrated that the colonists could fight well against the british army
common sense
a pamphlet written by thomas paine that criticized monarchies and convinced many american colonists of the need to break away form britain
declaration of independence
statement of the second continental congress that defined the colonists' rights, outlined their complaints against great britain, and declared the colonies' independence
unalienable rights
basic human rights such as life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness
patriots
american colonists who fought for independence from great britain during the revolutionary war
loyalists
colonists who sided with britain in the american revolution
george grenville
prime minister of england who asked parliament to tax the colonists
james otis
a lawyer form boston who was one of the first colonists to protest taxation by parliament
samuel adams
believed that parliament shouldn't be taxing the colonists without their consent and helped to spread the slogan "no taxation without representation" -he also helped to create the committees of correspondence
patrick henry
presented resolutions to the house of burgesses in virginia, stating that the stamp act violated the colonists' rights as british citizens
benjamin franklin
thought that parliament should repeal the stamp act, and was a signer of the declaration of independence
william pitt
important member of parliament who believed that the stamp act was unfair and led parliament to repeal the act
king george iii
the king of britain who led the taxing on the colonies
john hancock
had his ship seized by tax collectors on suspicion of smuggling, accused tax collectors of punishing him because he opposed the townshend acts
francis bernard
broke up the massachusetts legislature in response to the protests made by the sons of liberty
lord north
british prime minister who thought to pass the intolerable acts as a way of punishing massachusetts
thomas gage
governor of massachusetts after the boston tea party, british general who took away minutemen's weapons and ammunition and stored them in concord
mercy otis warren
wrote plays making british supporters look foolish
john dickinson
thought that the colonists should make peace with great britain (suggestion made during the first continental congress)
paul revere
warned the minutemen that the british were coming
william dawes
lesser known person to spread the word that the british were coming
george washington
commander of the continental army
benedict arnold
helped lead the attack on fort ticonderoga
ethan allen
helped benedict arnold lead the attack on fort ticonderoga
thomas paine
well-known throughout the colonies for writing common sense, which was a pamphlet that argued for breaking away from great britain
thomas jefferson
main author of the declaration of independence
samuel curwen
a merchant who did not believe the colonies needed independence
thomas fairfax
one of george washington's closest friends who was a loyalist
william franklin
benjamin franklin's son who was a loyalist
abigail adams
wife of john adams, and fought for women's rights when the declaration of independence was being written
henry knox
hauled the british cannons from fort ticonderoga to boston