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EFSC American History to 1877 midterm
Terms in this set (20)
Mayans, Incas, Aztecs
sophisticated civilizations, not savages, found civilizations that had built large cities, had organized gov'ts., had made advances in science, and established economies, europeans overwhelm natives with disease, trickery, and weapons
Prince Henry the Navigator
was the Prince of Portugal
Italian navigator in Spanish service, considered the discoverer of America in 1492.
Treaty of Tordesillas
A 1494 agreement between Portugal and Spain, declaring that newly discovered lands to the west of an imaginary line in the Atlantic Ocean would belong to Spain and newly discovered lands to the east of the line would belong to Portugal.
Spanish 'conqueror' or soldier in the New World in the 16th century. They were searching for the 3-G's: gold, God, and glory.
Spanish explorer who conquered Aztec Mexico for Spain.
The exchange of plants, animals, diseases, and technologies between the Americas and the rest of the world following Columbus's voyages.
1565, earliest/oldest settlement in the U.S. and discovered by Juan Ponce de Leon of Spain. A Spanish outpost in Florida, it became the first European town in the present-day United States.
European Christian reform movement that established Protestantism as a constituent branch of contemporary Christianity.
(theology) being determined in advance especially the doctrine (usually associated with Calvin) that God has foreordained every event throughout eternity (including the final salvation of mankind)
result of the disagreement between Henry VIII and the Pope, created the Church of England or Anglican Church which was separate from the Catholic Church, still left little room for religious freedom.
An economic theory thought to be a form of economic nationalism.
Queen Elizabeth 1st
Last Tudor monarch , wanted to return England to the Protestant Faith.
Philip the 2nd assembled one of the larges military fleets in the history of warfare to carry his troops across the English channel and into England itself.
Coureurs de bois
Adventurous fur traders and trappers, also moved fur into the wilderness and developed an extensive trade that became one of the underpinning of the French colonial economy.
Tabled as a trading center and a seat of education.
In 1609 founded and claimed territory in America for Dutch claim, Established permanent Dutch presence.
Main promoter of colonization by England (with royal aid) in the New World. Reasons included surplus of English labor and thwarting Spain.
Was a late 16th century attempt by Queen Elizabeth the 1st to establish a permanent English settlement. (1585) established by Sir Walter Raleigh; settlers disappeared by 1589 when Sir Raleigh returned to replenish supplies
This early civilization included Mexico and Central America and it was based on sedentary agriculture and the cultivation of corn and food production.
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
Chapter 7 (continue) and Chapter 8
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