22 terms

Mogadore Body Systems

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body systems
groups of organs that perform specific functions in the human body
digestive system
body system the breaks down food and absorbs nutrients
esophagus
muscular tube that connects the mouth to the stomach.
epiglottis
flap of tissue that seals off the windpipe and prevents food from entering.
respiratory system
system that brings oxygen into the body and gets rid of the carbon dioxide
trachea
windpipe; tube through which air moves
diaphragm
muscle separating the chest and abdomen
muscular system
enables movement of the body and internal organs
involuntary muscles
muscles you cannot control
voluntary muscles
muscles that you are able to control
cardiac muscle
muscle of the heart
skeletal muscle
a muscle that is connected at either or both ends to a bone and so move parts of the skeleton
smooth muscle
involuntary muscle found inside many internal organs of the body
tendons
connect muscle to bone
nervous system
controls everything you do and all of your body functions
spinal cord
a thick cord of nerve tissue that transmits information
nerves
thin fibers that send messages from the brain to parts of the body.
skeletal system
gives our bodies structure and protects major organs like the heart, lungs, and brain
circulatory system
system that provides a flow of nutrients throughout the body
veins
blood vessels that carry blood back to the heart
arteries
carry blood away from the heart
capillaries
the smallest blood vessels
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