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27 terms

Chapter 4 Ancient Egypt

SS
STUDY
PLAY
Cataracts
Rapids
Delta
Triangle-shaped area of land made from soil deposited by a river
Menes
Supposedly rose to power in Upper Egypt in 3100 BC
Pharaoh
Title used by the rulers of Egypt
Dynasty
Series of rulers fromt he same family
Old Kingdom
A perido in Egyptian history that lasted for about 500 years from about 2700 to 2200 BC
Khufu
Most famous pharaoh of the Old Kindom
Nobles
People from rich and powerful families
Acquire
To get
Method
W way of doing something
Afterlife
LIfe after death
Mummies
Specially treated bodies wrapped in cloth
Elite
People of wealth and power
Pyramid
Huge stone tombs with four triangle-shaped sides that met in a point on top
Engineering
The application of scientific knowledge for practical purposes
Middle Kingdom
A period of order and stability which lasted to about 1750 BC
New Kingdom
The period during which Egypt reached the height of its power and glory
Queen Hatshepsut
Worked to increase Egyptian trade and was a supporter of the arts and architecture
Ramses the Great
The pharaoh in the 1200's BC who fought the Hittites from Asia Minor
Trade routes
Paths followed by traders
Contracts
Binding legal agreements
Hieroglyphics
Egyptian writing system
Papyrus
Long-lasting paper-like material made from reeds
Rosetta Stone
Huge, stone slab inscribed with hieroglyphics
Sphinxes
Imaginary creatures with the bodies of lions and the heads of other animals or humans
Obelisk
A tall, four-sided pillar that is pointed on top
Kinbg Tutankhamen
King Tut - his tomb was filled with treasures that taught us much about Egyptian burial practices and beliefs