"an objective and standardized measure of a sample of behavior", the term sample of behavior refers to an individual's performance on tasks that have usually been prescribed beforehand.
- The samples of behavior that make up a paper-and-pencil test, the most common type of test, are a series of items. Performance on these items produce a test score. A score on a well-constructed test is believed to reflect a psychological construct such as achievement in a school subject, cognitive ability , aptitude , emotional functioning, personality , etc.
- Examples include : IQ/achievement tests, Public safety employment tests, Attitude tests, Neuropsychological tests, Personality tests, Sexological tests