Magna Carta (1215)
"the great charter"....said that the King was bound by the same laws as everyone else
Virginia House of Burgesses (1619)
1st representative legislature in English colonies;set up traditon of colonists electing representatives
Mayflower Compact (1620)
Pilgrims said they would govern themselves and follow the laws
The English Bill of Rights (1689)
said that only Parliament can pass laws, freedom of speech and debate in Parliament Protection from excessive bail
Declaration of Inpendence (1776)
all men are equal, power from the people
Unalienable Rights
Rights of life, liberty, and propertythat cannot be taken away except through due process of law
Limited Government
powers are restricted by the constitution
Popular Soverignty
power comes from the people through elections
people vote for other people to go and represent them
there is a federal governement and there are state governments; they have different powers
Seperation of Powers
there are three branches of governmener and they each have their own powers.
Legislative branch (congress)
makes laws
Executive branch (president)
enforces laws
Judicial branch (courts)
determines the Constitutionality of the law
Checks and Balances
no branch should be too powerful.