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Chapter6 The Roman Republic
Terms in this set (44)
How did geography affect the development of Rome?
Location on the Italian peninsula and Its fertile soil.
How did the Etruscans influence the development of Rome?
The Romans adopted their alphabet and use of arch, and borrowed religious ideas from them.
Which were the main groups that competed for power in the early Roman empire?
Patricians and the Plebeians.
What is the significance of the twelve tablets in Roman Law?
Became the basis of Roman Law, establishing the principle that free citizens had the right of protection under law.
What were the causes of the first Punic war?
The power struggle between Rome and Carthage control of Sicily and the western Mediterranean
What tactic did Scipio use to defeat Hannibal?
Attacked Carthage, forcing Hannibal to return to home.
what was the significance of the Punic wars for Rome?
gave Rome dominance over western Mediterranean sea.
What was Rome's economy like?
Agriculture, vast trade networks, common coinage.
What was The Form of Rome's government?
Gov. headed by emperor, civil service carrying out day to day functions.
What were some of Rome's Values?
discipline, strength, loyalty, practicality, and usefulness.
What was Rome's social structure like?
slaves ere numerous and important ;large differences in wealth and status, separated social classes.
What was Rome's Religion Like?
Honored powerful gods and goddesses through rituals, emperors worship part of official religion.
How does the Civil war relate to Julius Caesar?
Julius Caesar was a strong military leader, and it allowed him to gain power and civil erupted when he was assassinated.
How did triumvirate relate to Julius Caesar?
Caesar, Crassus and Pompey controlled Rome for 10 years. A second triumvirate ruled after Caesar's death.
How did Gaul relate to Julius Caesar?
Caesar les his legions to conquer Gaul and made him popular with Romans.
How did absolute Rule relate to Julius Caesar?
Caesar governed as an absolute ruler, who had total power, in 44BC
How did Marcus and Brutus and Gaius Cassius Relate to Julius Caesar?
Plotted Caesar's assassination. They were also leaders of senate.
How did Caesar show that he was a brilliant general?
Won victories in Spain, Gaul, and defeated Pompey.
How did Caesar use his success in Gaul to improve his political position in Rome?
With money form Gaul, for projects in Rome, and wrote about himself.
Why did some of the senators appose Caesar?
Some senators did not like him, others feared of making himself king.
How did Jesus of Nazareth influence the dev. of Christianity as a new religion?
Based on his teachings, including a personal relationship with God, his message attracted big crowds, particularly the poor, many seeing as the Messiah.
How did the Jews influence the dev. of Christianity as a new religion?
Jesus born a Jew, many ideas involves Jewish tradition, such as Monotheism and 10 commandments.
How did Pontius Pilate influence the dev. of Christianity as a new religion?
1st apostle, Jesus referred to him as the Rock upon which Christianity would be built.
How did the Pax romana help promote the spread of Christianity?
Provides ideal conditions for travel and the exchange of ideas.
How did paul help to spread Christianity?
his teachings stressed the Universality of Christianity by declaring that the Religion should welcome all converts.
How did Constantine help the spread of Christianity?
Ended the persecution of Christians in the Roman empire and declared Christianity one of the religions approved by the emperor.
How did Theodosius help the spread of Christianity?
Made Christianity the empires official Religion.
What were the causes of the Distribution of trade that led to the fall of the Roman empire?
Raids from hostile tribes, and by pirates of the Mediterranean sea
What were the causes of the Gold and Silver drain the led to the fall of the Roman empire?
Fewer lands to conquer and resources to gain.
What were the causes of Inflation that led to the fall of the Roman empire?
To pay off debts, gov. raised taxes and coined more and more money with less silver, leading to inflation.
What were the causes of Decline of loyalty that led to the decline of the Roman empire?
Recruit of foreign mercenaries; fighting among military commanders for throne.
What were the causes of the Citizens indifference and loss of patriotism?
Declining economic, military and social conditions.
What steps did Diocletian take to restore order and reform the empire?
Doubled the size of the Roman armies, fixed $ to con.nflation, claimed decent from roman gods and divided the empire into eastern and southern parts
What did Constantine do to reform the empire?
Extended reforms of Diocletian, restored concept of single ruler, and moved capital from rome to byzantine.
What caused the final collapse of the Western Roman Empire?
Worsening internal conditions, invasions by Germanic tribes and huns, separation of western empire.
What were greek contributions to sculpture?
Provided model for fine art of sculpture
what were Roman contributions to Sculpture?
developed base relief, mosaic tiles realistic portraits in stone and painted frescoes
What were Greek contributions to philosophy?
Founded schools of philosophy such as stoicism which encouraged virtue , duty, moderation, and endurance.
what were roman contributions to philosophy?
applied teachings of greek philosophers to administration of empire.
what were the greek contributions to lit?
provided forms and models for literacy works, such as the epics of homer.
what were the roman contrib. to lit?
epics, light witty poems and prose, especially hist. used roman themes and ideas in writing
what were some roman achievements In lang?
Introduced and spread latin which remained the language of learning and of the roman catholic church long after the roman empire.
What were some roman achievements in architecture?
arch, dome, and concrete. Built the coliseum and other massive structures.
what were some roman advancements in engineering?
bridges, aqueducts, and extensive network of roads.
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