CGS2060 Computer Hardware
Terms in this set (48)
Screen size is measured by the _______.
Which of the following might contain a traditional (magnetic) hard drive?
A. Apple iPad
B. Apple iPhone 6
C. Samsung Galaxy s6
D. Dell desktop computer
What is equal to one cycle per second?
The cost of an SSD is ______ than the cost of a traditional hard drive.
A processor comprised of one control unit and one ALU is called a _______.
The abbreviation for megahertz is ______.
The largest chip designing and manufacturing company in the world is ______.
Represented as either a 0 or 1, a _____ is the smallest unit of data a computer can process.
The place in a digital device where the data and programs that device is currently using are accessible by the processor is called the ______.
The ____ cache is located directly on the processor itself.
The protocol for wireless networks is called _____.
Data flows between different parts of the computer via ______.
If you buy a new computer game that emphasizes graphics, or new photo/video editing software for your desktop computer, you may want to purchase a new ____ card.
In addition to the RAM, modern processors temporarily keep frequently accessed data in a ______.
Memory is _____ and has no moving parts.
Electronic (solid state)
Running the processor faster than recommended by the manufacturer is called ______. This can increase performance and speed, but will also void the manufacturer warranty.
The machine cycle consists of what four steps?
Fetch, decode, execute, store
Because its radio waves pass through walls or desktops, _____-capable devices are becoming very popular.
Connecting digital music devices to computers is accomplished using ____ ports.
A short-range wireless transmission protocol is known as _____.
The amount of data that defines each color in a pixel is called _____.
The visual image output that a computer creates is known as _____.
FireWire connectors were developed for _____ computers.
The smallest element of an image is called a(n) ____.
A separate processor (computer) in your computer that enhances your video is called the _____.
Graphic processor (GPU)
Clockspeed, also referred to as _____, is the speed at which the processor performs the operations required to run a digital device and the instructions executed by the digital device.
A point (a hole or slot) in a computer, designed to accept a specific connector, is called a _____.
The average tablet computer has a ______ hard drive than the average desktop computer.
Personal computer CPU clock speeds range between _______.
2 to 4 GHz
A television remote usually uses ____ waves.
Because they're inexpensive and reliable, ____ have become extremely popular storage devices.
Thumbdrives (USB or flash drives)
Typical SSD capacities for tablet computer or smartphones are measured in _____.
Devices with a separate system unit and a relatively large footprint are called _____ computers.
The two main components of a processor are the arithmetic logic unit (ALU) and the _____ unit.
The maximum number of bits per instruction that a CPU can process during 1 machine cycle is called ___ .
The actual number of pixels in a monitor is called _____ resolution.
The instructions needed to boot-up a computer, such as the BIOS, are typically stored in ____.
Devices that allow for the retention of data when your computer has been shut down are called ___ devices.
The two major factors that impact processor speed are clock speed and _____ .
This type of connector is the most common for connecting peripherals to a Windows computer.
Megahertz is equal to one ____ cycles (or instructions) per second.
____ is actually storage since it retains data and information when the power has been turned off.
The number of instructions the CPU can process per second is dictated by the ____ speed of the processor.
Most computers today use ____ which is a coding scheme using at least 16 bits to represent a character.
This type of connector is the most common for connecting peripherals (printers, monitors, storage devices, etc.) to a computer.
Combining the power of a desktop with a neat, clean, look ____ computers are popular with businesses. Their lack of expandability make them less popular with serious gamers though.
The _____ is a computer within your computer that creates images.
The standard port for video and audio input into televisions today is the ____ port.