Chapters 14&15-history

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Terms in this set (...)

Great Depression
time period when unemployment increased and economy decreased
soup kitchens
provided food for unemployed and homeless
bonus army
group of veterans that demanded payment of bonus; they were promised for fighting in WW1
Rugged Individualism
philosophy of americans depending on themselves and not look for federal handouts
Douglas MacArthur
sent to disburse bonus army peacefully but used teargas against them
Hawley-Smoot Tariff
designed to protect american farmers and manufacturers from foreign competition but hurt US economy by decreasing foreigner buyers
Bull Market
market during rising stock prices
bear market
market during period of falling stock prices
margin
buying stock with a small cash down payment while rest is borrowed
Hoover Dam
built during great depression as part of public works program intended to stimulate business and provide jobs
Black Tuesday
stock market crash nickname (oct. 29, 1929)
the dust bowl
series of dust storms that effected farmers along great plains
Herbert Hoover
elected president in 1928 and blamed for the stock market crash
relief
program designed to reduce unemployment
fireside chat
roosevelt spoke directly to nation using radio to connect to US people
1st 100 days
time period when many "new deal" bills were introduced into congress
20th Amendment
the presidential inauguration date was moved from march 4th to january 20th
court packing
attempt to reorganize judicial branch by adding 6 justices to the supreme court
recovery
programs designed to assist businesses and agriculture
Brain Trust
roosevelts personal advisors who were influential in decision making policies of new deal
Huey P. Long
opposed new deal and created "share our wealth" program in louisiana
Eleanor Roosevelt
gave a couce to minorities and women and the wife of president franklin d roosevelt
Francis Perkins
secretary of labor during roosevelt administration
SEC
supervised the stock market and eliminated dishonest practices
CCC
provided jobs for single males on conservation projects
reform
programs designed to assist banks, the government, senior citizens, and the stock market
FDIC
protected bank deposits up to $2500
AAA
aided farmers to produce less crops
NYA
provided money to states to create jobs mainly in construction of schools and other community buildings
FERA
provided assistance to the needy in the form of money and jobs
Social Security Act
provided a variety of benefits to many retired, disable, and unemployed workers
emergency banking act
closed banks for 4 days to determine if they were stable enough to open again
WPA
employed people to do public works
NRA
this agency regulated and raised wages and prices
Wagner Act
the federal government protected the right of workers to join unions and engage in collective bargaining with employers
PWA
created constitution projects which provided jobs
Dr Francis Townsend
opposed the new deal and wanted federal government to pay each person over 60 years old a pension of $200 per month
Mary McLeod Bethune
a member of president roosevelts black cabinet
Father Charles Coughlin
opposed the new deal and blamed the banks for creating the great depression and advocated the abolishment of the federal reserve system
TVA
the federal government will provide hydroelectric power to 7 southern states
Black Cabinet
advise president roosevelt on matters pertaining to african americans
Hoovervilles
shantytowns built out of boxes and scrap metal
hoover hogs
jackrabbits or armadillos
Hoover Blankets
newspapers
hoover flags
empty pockets turned inside out
hoover wagons
automobiles pulled by mules or horses
hoover pullmen
abandoned railroad cars