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chapter 4 APES
Terms in this set (25)
which of the following is the best description of a region's climate?
A: average temperature and precipitation over several decades
which of the following would not have been a significant effect on the climate of a region?
C: a single abnormally wet year due to El Nino
In which level of the atmosphere does weather occur?
which level of the atmosphere is the densest?
which level of the atmosphere contains the ozone layer?
what is the importance of the ozone layer?
D: it absorbs incoming UV rays
what best describes the density of the atmosphere?
A: decreases as you increase in altitude
which of the following is not true about the sun's energy heating the earth?
D: sun's rays are more strongly reflected in the lower latitude regions
which of the following would best describe the observation that warm air is more humid than cool air?
B: warmer air has a higher capacity for water vapor than colder air
what happens to air as it rises?
A: pressure decreases and it expands in volume
what factor is most closely related to adiabatic cooling and heating?
E: air pressure
latent heat releases occurs when?
A: water vapor in the atmosphere condenses into liquid water
which of the following statements about the Coriolis effect is incorrect?
C: global winds are not affected by the Coriolis effect
plane leaves north pole........
B: site B
use 4-4. using the diagram above, which position would correspond with the spring in the northern hemisphere?
the Coriolis Effect and prevailing winds contribute to the formation of gyres in the oceans. which direction do these gyres flow in the northern hemisphere?
what is one major role that these gyres play in global climate?
B: currents redistribute heat from Equator to Northern latitudes
as water freezes or evaporates, what happens to the salinity of the remaining ocean water?
B: salinity increases
which of the following is true about el Ninos?
D: I & III
the rain shadow effect can have a large effect on local climate. when the rain shadow effect is occurring, which side of the mountain tends to receive more rain?
A: windward side
what factors are used to classify a biome?
E: I, II, III
boreal forests tend to have a thick layer of organic material but the soil is poor in nutrients. what is the best explanation for this?
E: low precipitation rates and cold temperatures slow decomposition
which of the following are examples of wetlands?
E: I, II, and III
what biome has warm temperatures, high precipitation, and little seasonal variation due to its location near the equator?
E: tropical rainforest
which biome has some low-growing vegetation, but cannot support trees because of a permanently frozen layer of soil?