AP Govt The Courts
Terms in this set (18)
standing to sue
The requirement that plantiffs have a serious interest in the case which depends on whether they have sustained or are likely to sustain a direct and substantial injury from a party or an action of government
class action suits
lawsuits permitting a small number of people to sue on behalf of all other people similarly situated
a constraint on the courts requiring case be capable of being settled by legal methods
Amicus curiae brief
"friend of the court" brief filed by an interest group to influence a Supreme Court decision
the authority to hear cases for the first time. Determine the facts about a case.
The jurisdiction of courts that hear cases brought to them on appeal from lower courts. Do not review the factual record only the legal issues involved
Federal courts where trials are held and lawsuits are begun
courts of appeals
federal courts that review decisions appealed from district courts. Also hear appeals to many federal regulatory agencies
Insures uniformity in interpreting national laws, resolve conflicts among states, and maintains national supremacy in law.
unwritten tradition whereby nominations for state-level federal judicial posts are not confirmed if they are opposed by a senator of the presidents party from the state in which the nominee will serve
Let the decision stand; decisions are based on precedents from previous cases
how and whether court decisions are translated into actual policy
Allows the court to determine the constitutionality of laws and executive
United States v. Nixon
1974 SuCo: Executive privilege does not give one the authority to hide documents.
a theory of judicial interpretation that encourages judges to limit the exercise of their own power
view that the courts should be lawmaking, policymaking bodies
an issue that a court believes should be decided by the executive or legislative branch
judicial interpretation of an act of Congress, passes new legislation to clarify existing laws
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