41 terms

ART 100 Test 1

work of art
the visual expression of an idea or experience formed with a skill through the use of a medium
nature of art
engages people in terms of feeling
a particular material, along with its accompanying technique
George O'Keefe
The arts communicate meaning that go far beyond the ordinary verbal exchange, and artist uses the entire range of thought, feeling, and observation as a subject of their art.
Purpose and function of art
Art can inform, embellish, inspire, arouse, awaken and delight us. art challenges us to think and see in new ways, and help us develop a sense of beauty and truth. Art can also deceive, anger and humiliate us.
Art for communicating info
art makes a statement to a broad spectrum of people, it has often been used to impart info and ideas.

EX: stain glass windows and stone sculptures>>>Communicates Bible Stories to illiterates
Art for everyday living
objects of all kinds have been conceived to delight the eyes as well as serve more obviously useful functions. As we make such choices we engage in universal art-related processes--- making visual statements about who we are and the kind of world we like to see around us.
Art for Worship
In many societies, the arts have a spiritual component. Spiritual or magical purposes motivated the making of the world largest carvings and cave paintings.

EX: Stonehenge
Art for personal expression
Some artist reveal themselves and their heritage so clearly that we feel we know them.

Ex: Rembrandt>>>painted many self portraits, created statement about how it feels alive, to be human
Art for social cause
artist in many societies have sought to criticize or influence values and public opinions through their work.

Ex: Felix Gonzalez Torres>>>"I need the public to complete the work. I ask the public to help me, to take responsibility, to become a part of my work, to join in."
visual thinking
ten people painting the same subject from the same vantage point>>>make ten different images based on their experiences, values and interest
to become aware through the senses, particularly through sight or hearing.
aware (conceive)
to be conscious, to know something, and to understand through awareness.
implies taking in what is before us in a purely mechanical way
Robert Irwin
"seeing is forgetting the name of thing one sees."
an active extension of looking
an awareness of beauty or to that quality in a work of art which evokes a sense of elevated awareness
Beauty vs Ugliness
Beautiful in our culture>>> pretty, pleasing to the eye
Beautiful in art>>> having qualities of a high order; delight the eye, engage the intellect and moral sense

Ex:Leonardo da Vinci>>>ugliness as worthy of attention as beauty.
the ability to see (or to be aware) and respond
visual communication
most direct avenue to the mind is by the way of the eyes. In art, visual experience is essential. how the artist interprets the subject is more than the actual subject; how the image is composed becomes the basis for the in depth experience of art.
representational art
depicts the appearance of things as they are recognized in the everyday world
trompe l'oeil
most real looking style of painting. french for "fool the eye"
1) works of art that have no reference to at all to natural objects
2) works that depict natural objects in simplified, distorted, or exaggerated ways
the two dimensional picture surface
an extension of a point. linear forms in which length dominates width.

EX: "draw" lines with eyes>>>converting edges to lines
lines as path of action>>>record of energy left by moving point
the expanse within the outline of a two dimensional area or within the outer boundaries of a three dimensional object
Geometric: precise and regular (circles, triangles, squares)
Organic: irregular, relaxed and informal (often curved or rounded)
picture plane
creates a second shape out of background area
positive and negative shapes
positive: dominant shapes
negative: background areas
figure ground reversal
EX: fish shapes and bird shapes trade places
the physical bulk of a solid body of material
mass encloses space, space is called...
indefinable, general receptacle of all things- seemingly empty space around us
source, color, intensity, and direction of light greatly affect the way things appear
Dark/Light Relationship
perceive relationships between dark and light rather than their isolated forms
affects us directly by modifying our thoughts, moods, actions, and even our health
local color and neutral color
L: the color that appears to our eyes as that of objects
N: without the property of hue (Gray)
particular wavelength of spectral color, to which we give names (yellow, green)
relative lightness or darkness, tint of shade
intensity of color. intense come forward, dull recedes
primary, secondary, and tertiary color
P:blue, red, yellow
S: Green, violet, orange\
T: red-oranges, yellow-orange, yellow-green, etc.
warm/cool color
W: red, yellow, orange (comes towards)
C: green, blue, purple (recedes)