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40 terms

Bovine Review

Florida Institute of Animal Arts access
STUDY
PLAY
intact males
bull
male calf
bull calf
female calf (until she has a calf)
heifer
castrated male
steer
gestation period
9 months
TPR
100.4-102.8, 60-70, 18-28
naturally dehorned
polled
calf vaccination
8 weeks
time used to rid meat of antibiotics
withdrawal period
toxic plant that causes diarrhea
crotalaria
toxic flowering bush
lantana
digestive system
ruminant
rumen
first and largest chamber in the stomach where micro organisms break down feed (develops last and is the reason for easy absorption of newborns colostrum)
reticulum
second chamber in the stomach prevents indigestible objects from entering the stomach (has "honeycomb" pattern on its inner surface)
omasum
third chamber in the stomach absorbs water (dehydration area, removes 60-70% of the water)
abomasum
(fourth chamber in the stomach and the only one that is a) true stomach
calf management procedures
branding, dehorn (done b4 2 months), castrate (done @2-3 days), deworming, vaccinations (start @8weeks)
beef cattle production systems
cow-calf operations, back grounding systems, feedlots
cow-calf production
adult beef cattle kept to raise calves for sale in other states
back grounding system
growing calves to enter a feedlot at another location
feedlot
type of animal feeding operation (AFO) which is used for finishing (fattening) livestock (prior to slaughter.)
Bovinae genus
Bos
Bovinae species (B. p.)
taurus (European), indicus (India)
culling
removing animals from a herd (that are not as productive or desirable as the others in the herd)
stimulates the let down of milk
Oxytocin
number of teats
32
main ingredient of milk
water
two ectoparasites
cattle grub (fly), Lice (horseflies, deerflies, stable flies, horn flies)
endoparasites
flukes (flatworm), lungworms (roundworm), threadworms (strongyloides papillosus, pin/roundworm) (toxocara vitulorum (roundworm), trichuris (whipworm), nematodirus helvetianus (roundworm), tapeworms, stomach worms
upper teeth
dental pad
fingerlike projections of the stomach
papillae
upper respiratory infection (IBR)
infectious bovine rhinotracheitis
chronic wasting disease
Johne's Disease
transmitted via contaminated meat and bone meal (BSE)
Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy (Mad Cow Disease)
disease localizes in the reproductive organs
Brucellosis
vitamin B deficiency
Metabolic Bone Disease
low blood calcium levels
Milk Fever (hypocalcemia)
deficiency of magnesium
Grass Tetany (hypomagnesemia)
most frequently encountered toxicoses
lead, organophosphates and carbamates
vaccines available
bovine; herpesvirus, parainfluenza virus, viral diarrhea virus, viral pneumonia (blackleg, e. coli, leptospirosis, louping III, lungworm, pasteurella, rotavirus, salmonella, tetanus, ...)