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Pathophysiology and Disease Processes Causes
Terms in this set (100)
Diabetes Mellitus Type 1
Unknown (possibly autoimmune, genetic, or environmental)
Diabetes Mellitus Type 2
Obesity, inactivity, and genetics
Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS)
Unknown (possibly genetic, excessive insulin)
Autoimmune disease, medications, and thyroid surgery.
Graves disease, thyroiditis, and plumber's disease.
Basal Cell Carcinoma (BCC)
Light/fair skin, and sun exposure.
Squamous Cell Carcinoma
Light/fair skin, sun exposure, and less common than BCC.
Light/fair skin, and sun exposure.
Surge of sex hormones during puberty, and excess sebum on skin surface.
Often hereditary, hormone changes, chemotherapy, stress, burns, and fungal skin infections.
Staphylococcal and streptococcal bacterial infections.
Multiple causative agents, and contacts with irritants.
Unknown (possible allergy or inflammatory condition)
Shaving or repeated rubbing of shaved area, and bacteria or fungi.
Contact with herpes simplex virus
Staphylococcal and streptococcal bacteria
Parasitic lice infestation
Inherited autoimmune disorder
Contact with causative fungus
Dilation of small facial blood vessels, the cause is unknown
Inflammatory processes, and metabolic disorders
Overuse, joint trauma, and bacterial infection.
Ewing's Sarcoma Family of Tumors
Unknown, age 10-20 years old, and male sex
Deposits of uric acid crystals accumulate in joint spaces.
Growth retardation or improper development of growth plates, and aging and degenerative disk disease contribute to adult onset.
Injury, poor posture, and wearing high heels (inward positioning of back when balancing on balls of feet)
Osteogenesis Imperfecta (brittle bone disease)
Hormone deficiencies, sedentary lifestyle, lack of Vitamin D, corticosteroid use (long-term), and smoking.
Hereditary, and viral.
Possibly genetic, can begin prenatally during formation of vertebrae, and muscle weakness.
Unknown, exacerbated by sleep deprivation, emotional distress, and depression
Sports-or activity- related
Toxin produced by Clostridum tetani
Narrowing of arteries, increased arterial pressure. Risk factors: obesity, smoking, stimulant use, kidney disease, high sodium intake, excessive alcohol consumption.
Coronary artery narrowing, atherosclerosis
Coronary Artery Disease (atherosclerosis)
Buildup of fat and cholesterol in arteries. Risk factors: high-fat diet, high LDL levels, smoking, obesity, sedentary lifestyle.
Myocardial infarction (heart attack)
Coronary artery blockage, atherosclerosis, and blood clot.
Atherosclerosis, smoking, high-cholesterol diet, and obesity.
Congestive Heart Failure (CHF)
Smoking, obesity, sedentary lifestyle, high-cholesterol diet, hypertension.
Mitral Valve Prolapse
Usually unknown, hereditary or related to nervous system disorders.
Prolonged periods of inactivity, hormone replacement therapy, cancer, paralysis and thrombophlebitis.
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS)
Parasitic infection, trauma, and surgical removal of lymph nodes.
Epstein-Barr virus, cytomegalovirus
Systemic lupus erythematosus
Medications, Bacterial infections, autoimmune
Genetic defect, lack of enzyme that breaks down gluten, consumption of gluten triggers autoimmune reaction.
Allergens, pollutants, dust mites, cigarette smoke
Cystic Fibrosis, COPD, pleurisy, lung cancer, spontaneous
Viral, environmental pollutants, cigarette smoke
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)
Smoking, environmental pollutants
Damage to the alveoli caused by cigarette smoke, pollutants, specific types of dust
Legionella bacteria that grow in standing water
Bacterial, viral, parasitic
Congestive heart failure, myocardial infarction, heart valve disorders, drowning, and injury
Blood clot blocking an artery in the lung
Severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS)
Degenerative brain disease, possibly genetic or environmental
Birth trauma, infections, brain injury, head trauma, drug withdrawal
Bacterial, viral, fungal infection causing inflammation of the meninges
Multiple Sclerosis (MS)
Viral, genetic, immune system dysfunction
Lack of neurotransmitters, brain tumors, drugs, head trauma
Blockage of artery in neck or brain
Hormones, stress, dietary, familial
Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH)
Increased age, increased level of dihydrotestosterone
Failure of inguinal ring to close properly in development, injury or swelling of the scrotum
Sexually transmitted infections
Unprotected contact with infected tissue or fluids
Pelvic inflammatory disease
Untreated STDs/STIs, multiple sexual partners, frequent douching
Particular strains of human papilloma virus (HPV)
Acute kidney failure
Burns, dehydration, hemorrhage, low blood pressure, trauma
Chronic kidney disease
Diabetes, hypertension, kidney stones, polycystic kidney disease
Nervous system disorders, UTI, bladder cancer, prostate disorders
Polycystic kidney disease
Enlarged kidneys due to cysts, inherited
Bladder infection that spreads to kidneys
Highly concentrated urine, UTI, Gout
Idiopathic inflammation of the appendix
Scarring of liver, can be autoimmune, medication, alcohol, Hepatitis B or C
Insoluble cholesterol and bile salt
Colitis (inflammation of the large intestine)
Viral or bacterial infection
Inactivity, lack of fiber and water in diet, medications
Inflammatory bowel disease, autoimmune
Diverticulitis (abnormal out-pouching of intestinal wall)
Bacterial, viral, parasitic
Hemorrhoids (varicose vein of the rectum or anus)
Constipation, straining during bowel movements, pelvic pressure during pregnancy, childbirth.
Hiatal hernia (part of stomach protrudes through diaphragm into chest cavity)
Unknown cause, smoking, obesity.
Bacterial infection, smoking, medication
Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) tear
Plant and twist motion of the foot and knee
Overexertion of a muscle not properly warmed up for activity level
Epicondylitis (tennis elbow)
Overuse of elbow causing tiny ligament tears
Rotator cuff tear
Repetitive stress of the shoulder joint
Impact injury resulting in bone cracking or breaking, stress fractures: overuse or repetitive stress
Joint dislocation (subluxations)
Impact injury removing bones from proper joint alignment
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