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Terms in this set (45)

1: Various social roles -In a study, subjects were asked to rate themselves on various personality characteristics in various social roles. Measures of variability across the roles then were related to self-reports of psychological well-being. The results indicated that individuals with high variable role identities were more likely to be anxious, depressed, and low in self-esteem. High variability in the self-concept can be bad for mental health because it can be indicative of an unintegrated "core" self.
2: Individuals behave in ways that are consistent with their self-concepts -In a study of dishonest behavior, they reasoned that if people are tempted to cheat, they will be more likely to do so if their self-esteem is low than if it is high. The data gathered indeed suggested that whether or not an individual cheats is influenced by the nature of the self-concept. People who have a high opinion of themselves are likely to behave in ways they can respect, whereas people with a low opinion of themselves are likely to behave in ways that are consistent with that self-image.
3: People with low self-esteem are so prone to maintain a consistent self-concept - they sometimes fail to take even simple actions that might put them in a better mood. They seem resigned to maintaining a poor self-image and the experience of negative emotions. In one study, an experimental mood induction was used to put people into a sad mood. Participants then chose a video tape to watch. The choices included a video of a comedy routine. People with high self-esteem chose the comedy video, whereas, people with low self-esteem tended not to. Their choice produced a consistent negative mood even when they could have made themselves feel better.