How can we help?

You can also find more resources in our Help Center.

94 terms

MUSCLES QUIZ--UPPER BODY

STUDY
PLAY
Which muscle is completely superficial?
Deltoid
The origin of deltoid is the same for...?
Trapezius
What action can you ask your partner to perform to contract deltoid?
Abduction
What action can't the anterior fibers of the deltoid do?
Horizontal abduction
What shoulder movement lengthens the anterior fibers of deltoid?
Extension
What fibers of trapezius elevate the scapula?
Upper fibers
Bilateral contraction of the upper fibers of trapezius create what movement?
Head/neck extension
What part of the traps adduct the scapula?
Middle
What is also knows as "Lat's little helper"?
Teres major
Which shoulder movement should lengthen latissimus dorsi?
Abduction
The four rotator cuff muscles stabilize what joint?
Glenohumeral
How would you locate supraspinatus' belly?
Palpate the upper fibers of trapezius
Which rotator cuff muscle attaches to the lesser tubercle?
Subscapularis
What is the insertion of the remaining three rotator cuff muscles?
Greater tubercle
Which shoulder movement shortens infraspinatus?
Horizontal abduction
Which muscle is located between the scapula and vertebral column?
Rhomboids
Rhomboids are superficial to the erector spinae and deep to the ___?
Trapezius
What movement of the head and neck would lengthen levator scapula on the right side?
Lateral flexion to the left
What action would make levator scapula contract?
Elevate the scapula
Serratus anterior abducts the scapula making it a direct antagonist to _____?
Rhomboids
Which muscle has three parts--clavicular, sternal, and costal?
Pec major
Which muscle is an antagonist of itself?
Pec Major
Pec minor is located deep to which muscle?
Pec major
Which movement lengthens fibers of biceps brachii?
Pronation of the forearm
Which muscle does not attach to the coracoid process?
Triceps
Which is the only muscle on the posterior arm?
Triceps
Which movement shortens the triceps?
Extension of the elbow
Which movement lengthens coracobrachialis?
Shoulder abduction
Which is the origin of deltoid?
Lateral 1/3 clavical, acrominon process and spine of scapula
What is the insertion of deltoid?
Deltoid tuberosity
A part of trapezius origin?
External occipital protuberance
What is the insertion of trapezius?
Lateral 1/3 clavical, acrominon process and spine of scapula
What is the action of lat dorsi?
Medial rotation
What is the origin of the short head of biceps brachii?
Coracoid process of the scapula
What is the origin on supraspinatus?
Supraspinous fossa
What is the origin of infraspinatus?
Infraspinous fossa
What is the origin of subscapularis?
Subscapular fossa
What is the action of subscapularis?
Medial rotation of the shoulder
What is the origin of Rhomboid major?
Spinous processes of T2-T5
What is the origin of Rhomboid minor?
Spinous processes of C7-T1
What is the origin of lavator scapula?
Transverse processes of C1-C4
What is the action of levator scapula?
Elevate the scapula
What is the insertion of pec major?
Greater trubercle of the humerus
What is the action of biceps brachaii?
Flex the elbow
What is the action of triceps brachaii?
Extend the elbow
What is the action of coracobrachialis?
Flex the shoulder
What muscle acts as an antagonist to brachialis during shoulder flexion?
Anconeus
What action lengthens the fibers of brachialis?
Extension of the elbow
Which muscle runs the length of the forearm but does not cross the wrist joint?
Brachioradialis
What is an action of serratus anterior?
Abduct the scapula
In the anatomical position, the extensor group is on which side of the forearm?
Posterior
Which movement lengthens the fibers of extensor carpi radialis longus & brevis?
Adduction of the wrist
In general, the origin of the extensor group is found where?
The lateral epicondyle of the humerus
What triangle shape muscle is a weak elbow extensor located on the olecranon process?
Anconeus
What muscle primarily extends the index finger?
Extensor indicis
Which movement lengthens the fiber palmaris longus?
Wrist extension
What is the synergyst to the pronator teres?
Pronator quadratus
How many muscles act on the thumb?
Eight
What muscle is responsible for opposition of the thumb?
Oppenens pollicis
What is the origin of brachialis?
Distal 1/2 anterior process of humerus
What is the insertion of brachioradialis?
Styloid process of radius
What is the origin of extensor carpi radialis longus?
Lateral supercondylar ridge
What is the action of extensor carpi radialis longus?
Abduction of the wrist
What is the action of extensor carpi radialis brevis?
Assist flexion of the elbow
What is the insertion of extensor digitorum?
Middle and distal phalanges of 2-5th fingers
What is the action of extensor digitorum?
Assist to extend the wrist
What is the origin of pronator teres?
Medial epicondyle of the humerus
What is the origin of pronator quadratus?
Medial anterior surface of distal ulna
What is the action of pronator quadratus?
Pronate the forearm
What is the insertion of supinator?
Lateral surface, proximal shaft of radius
List the erector spinae group.
Spinalis, longissimus, iliocostalis
Which movement of the vertebral column will shorten the erector spinae?
Extension
Which part of erector spinae attaches to the skull?
Longissimus
Which direction do the fibers of the transverse spinalis group go?
Diagonal
Which muscles of the transverse spinalis group attaches to the head?
Semispinalis Capitis
Movement of vertebral column lengthens the fibers of multifidis on the right side?
Rotation to the right
What movement of the vertebral column shortens the left splenus capitis?
Rotation to the left side
What muscles outline the spinus processes of C2, Transverse process of C1, and the superior nuchal line?
Suboccipitals
What movement lengthens the quadratus lumborum on the right side?
Lateral flexion to the left
Locate last rib, posterior iliac crest, and transverse process of of lumbar vertebra. What muscle do you have?
Quadratus lumborum
What muscle is involved in "washboard" abs?
Rectus abdominis
What muscle vertically attaches the ribs to the pubic crest?
Rectus abdominis
What is the primary muscle of respiration?
Diaphragm
Serratus posterior superior & inferior affect movement of the ____?
Ribs
What is part of the origin of spinalis?
Spinous process
What is the action of spinalis?
Extend the spine
What is the action of longissimus?
Laterally flex the vertebral column to the same side
What is part of the origin of iliocostalis?
Posterior surface of ribs 1-12
What is the action of iliocostalis?
Laterally flex the vertebral column to the same side
What is the action of the rotatores?
Rotate the vertebral column to the opposite side
What is the action of multifidi?
Extend the vertebral column
Rotatores span how many vertebrae?
1-2
Multifidis span how many vertebrae?
2-4
What is the origin of quadratus lumborum?
Posterior iliac crest